How To Write A Successful Fiction Novel

Writing a fictional book is a major undertaking that lets your imagination roam as you construct characters and build a different world. There is no exact way to write a successful book, but the tips in this article will get you off and running. 

Have Passion For The Story

Many writers have a list of book ideas that they haven’t developed yet. But go over your list and find one that makes you feel most passionate – start with that novel. 

Most writers do their best work when they are passionate about the story, plot, and characters. In fact, many decide to make it a labor of love and even print and distribute their own novels

Write What You Want To Read

It usually doesn’t work to write a book that you think would be a hit. Or write a novel that you think a relative would like. 

It’s better to think about books, movies, and shows you love. If you love mysteries, then you probably aren’t the one to pen a science fiction novel. 

It also may not be an exact genre, but you may be attracted to certain characters or kinds of voices. So whatever you love, write about that first and foremost. 

Make 3-D Characters

Let’s say you write about an aggressive insurance salesperson who cheats on his wife. This is interesting, but it’s easy to fall into making him a stereotype. So instead, you need to make him into a complex or 3-D character

Describe how he looks and his size. For example, the aggressive insurance salesman is also over six feet tall, weighs 230 pounds, and drives a black Corvette. 

It’s essential to provide visual clues to the reader to develop the character in their mind.

Write Daily

The best writers have an outstanding, dedicated writing habit. This means they write every day. 

How you write is up to you. Some authors have a word count they must hit every day. For example, the rumor is Stephen King composes a minimum of 2000 words daily. 

Other writers are in a writing group. This holds you accountable and keeps you motivated. You shouldn’t worry if the things you write aren’t very good at first, or if you have trouble filling the page. 

Every writer finds that some times are easier to write than others. But there is no doubt – the more often you write, the easier it becomes. 

Introduce Main Characters And Themes

Many writing experts say you should introduce the main characters and themes in the novel’s first part. If you are composing a piece of genre fiction, you should make sure every theme and plot is introduced in the book’s first part, which is usually the introduction. 

Create more themes and characters in the second part. Then, resolve all the mysteries, themes, etc. in the last third. 

Provide Motivation For Each Character

Making real, fleshed-out characters can be challenging. So, as you compose each scene, ask yourself what the character wants at that moment. 

When you understand what the character wants to do, feel, or accomplish in every scene, you will be better able to write in a convincing way that intrigues the reader. 

Carry A Notebook With You

Experienced writers say you should always have a notebook with you. Short-term memory can only retain data for about three minutes. So unless you write down an idea, you could lose your fantastic story idea forever.

Remember these writing tips, and you will be sure to write a successful novel.

4 Ways to Find Writing Jobs on the Internet

Are you having trouble finding consistent writing jobs? Sometimes, being a professional writer can feel like wandering in a desert looking for water. Even for seasoned authors, finding decent freelance writing projects may be tough, and entering the market can be daunting.

So, where can you discover your working oasis if it’s typically dry out there? Continue reading to learn about the top four ways to locate writing jobs on the internet.

1. Classic Job Boards

Traditional job boards are the best place to hunt for a full-time writing career. You may occasionally locate freelance writing work on regular job forums as well. Some examples of online job boards would be LinkedIn, Monster, JOBTOPGUN, or Indeed.

Also, always be sure to create an alert for writing jobs! Writing is becoming increasingly popular as a career now and, for every job ad, there are dozens, if not hundreds, of applications. Apply for opportunities as soon as they become available to increase your chances of success.

2. Make Use of Your Network

While networking within your social contacts may seem like an old-fashioned approach, this is one of the most underutilized methods of locking in writing gigs. Leverage your connections! According to Columbia University studies, most people are connected to at least 600 other people.

It is extremely probable to find someone you know who works in your field. If you don’t, someone will likely be able to introduce you. Begin telling everyone you know about your new profession as a freelance writer and let them know you are open to new clients. You’ll be everyone’s go-to source for material once you’ve distinguished yourself as a writer in your community.

3. Creative Staffing Firms

For authors, creative staffing companies are a great resource. While their job ads are mostly for short-term assignments, they do occasionally offer full-time writing positions. In addition, many organizations choose to fill creative roles with temporary-to-full-time employees. This might be an excellent approach to get your foot in the door of a good firm.

To contract with most creative agencies, you must have some prior experience. Typically, you will apply to the agency. If they want to see your application, you’ll be scheduled for a brief interview with a member of their staff and if all goes well, they will add you to their freelancer database. They will then keep an eye out for opportunities that they will determine will be good for you and your talents.

4. Cold Pitching

An even more old-fashioned approach; become your own door-to-door salesperson! When you cold pitch, you reach out to potential clients with whom you have no prior contact and present them with your services.Cold pitchingis the most effective technique to find freelance writing employment, especially if you don’t have much (or any) experience.

You might also target consumers you know will benefit from your services. For example, if you’re a blogger, it’s rather simple to determine whether a customer requires your assistance. Consider sending them a pitch if they have an inactive blog.

Conclusion

One of the most difficult challenges for authors wanting to be compensated for their work is finding reliable, paid internet writing employment. Most of the time, “gigs” for freelance writing provide nothing more than publicity, which is unfortunately not how to make money as a professional writer.

Finding freelance writing gigs might be difficult, but you get to write the story of your writing career—and with the places listed above, you can help yourself discover (and be hired for!) your next job and find your happy ending.

What Is Academic Writing? Do’s and Don’ts for Students

Academic writing is a formal style of writing that is used by the academic community. For example, academic writing is used by universities and academic journals. If you want to publish your article in a peer-reviewed journal, you should stick with the academic style. Students need to use the academic style when writing research papers, dissertations, literature reviews, essays, and other types of academic assignments.

In the opinion of betterwritingservices.com, the vast majority of American students avoid the stress of writing academic papers and prefer to buy them online from legitimate essay writing companies.

In this article, we will consider some specific features of academic writing in more detail and take a look at the main dos and don’ts of formal writing.

The Key Features of Academic Writing

First of all, academic writing should be unbiased and formal. All your claims must be based on evidence, and you cannot build your arguments around your personal opinions or assumptions. You can make your writing unbiased by presenting research results accurately, acknowledging the limitations of your own research, and addressing opposite viewpoints. The formal style of writing requires you to make your paper consistent in terms of logic and structure. Besides, you should avoid colloquialisms, clichés, and contractions.

Academic writing should also be precise and clear, which means that you must avoid vague phrases and statements that can be interpreted in different ways. Besides, you should avoid words like “perhaps” or “likely” because your arguments should be specific, and you should present them with confidence. We recommend that you read academic journals to familiarize yourself with the writing style and vocabulary.

Last but not least, academic writing must be well-structured and well-focused. Your arguments and all the information that you provide must be perfectly relevant to your general topic. The overall structure may vary depending on the type of paper and word count, but the structure of the content should meet some common requirements so that your paper will be easy to comprehend. For instance, each of your paragraphs should focus on a specific idea expressed in a topic sentence. Use transitional phrases to connect different paragraphs and include transitional words in sentences to indicate the connection between different ideas.

As you can see, academic writing is all about precision, clarity, and credibility. Therefore, you should also select reputable sources. While you might feel tempted to use any sources that support your opinion, you must make sure that your sources are actually credible and relevant. Use your university library and academic databases. Don’t forget to cite your sources according to the necessary citation format.

The Do’s

 

  • Write clearly
    Even though your academic papers might be dedicated to complex topics, you should make sure that they are easy to read. Your readers should understand exactly what you’re saying. Always start paragraphs with topic sentences and keep your sentences brief. Avoid complex terms if you can deliver the same information in a simpler way.

 

 

  • Stay objective
    Academic writing must be based on facts and logic. It should also be precise and not influenced by emotions. You need to present information in an objective and impersonal way. To stay objective, you must only use reliable academic sources and support all of your arguments with data. Avoid clichés because they will damage the overall clarity and make your writing less specific. Besides, you should only write in the third person.

 

 

  • Use various sentence structures
    Academic writing can easily become boring, especially when your audience needs to read the same long sentences over and over again. Moreover, long, overcomplicated sentences may make your audience think that you’re unable to formulate your ideas in an easy-to-understand way. In contrast, if you use short sentences only, you won’t let your readers reflect on the overall meaning, creating a sense of a rush. We recommend that you choose a well-balanced approach, using both long and short sentences.

 

 

  • Use technical vocabulary
    All academic subjects have a certain jargon, and you can use it to communicate your thoughts precisely. However, you should only use specific terms when you actually need them. Don’t try to impress your readers with complex words because this way, you will just make your text difficult to read.

 

The Don’ts

 

  • Avoid a personal language
    Although you may use the first person when writing admission and narrative essays, the use of the first person is generally prohibited in academic writing. Besides, one of your main goals is to stay objective so there’s no place for your personal perspective.

 

 

  • Avoid colloquialisms
    When writing academic papers, you should be especially careful with your word choice. While conversational English enables you to use some slang words and informal phrases, you should never use them in academic writing. We recommend that you read your paper once you’ve finished writing, and replace any colloquial language with appropriate forms.

 

 

  • Don’t use the wrong verb tense
    Students often change the verb tense by mistake, switching from one tense to another, even though different actions may take place within the same timeframe. You should always be careful with the verb tense because it indicates whether something happened in the past, present, or future. We recommend that you always check the verb tense when editing your papers.

 

 

  • Avoid inappropriate fonts and formatting
    When it comes to formatting, you should follow clear guidelines. There are different formatting styles used in academic writing, such as APA, Chicago, MLA, Harvard, and others. Every style has certain requirements regarding margins, fonts, and other details of formatting. Before you start to write your academic paper, make sure to check the rules of the required citation style and determine what fonts you can use, as well as what your headings, citations, and main content should look like.

 

Final Thoughts

Academic writing requires you to stick with the formal writing style and to express your thoughts in the most precise and objective way. All students have to be familiar with academic writing and use it when writing assignments. Even though academic writing is much more difficult than informal conversational English, it’s easy to master once you’ve familiarized yourself with some clear rules. We hope that this guide will help you avoid some common mistakes and write academic papers that will be appreciated by professors.

What Does a SEO Specialist Do?

The age of the internet gave way to a lot of new transformations. Today’s customers connect with brands through websites, social media, video, and more. They’re constantly shopping on their smartphones and seeking customer service through apps and online chat widgets. Modern businesses are responding to the age of the internet with the introduction of new services, updated marketing campaigns, and new strategies for reaching their audience. 

The digital landscape has even opened the door to a new era of professionals, focusing on things like how to make the most of your position on search engines like Google. After all, a higher position in the search engine often equates to bigger revenues and better opportunities for companies that can outrank their competition. Today, SEO specialists can be powerful allies for growing companies. 

What are SEO Specialists?

SEO Specialists are responsible for mastering search engine optimization, the strategy that companies use to improve their position on the search engine rankings. To succeed with this methodology, companies need to know how to use keywords to attract the right audience, build their site’s credibility with backlinks, and even produce amazing content to show thought leadership. Experts who specialize in SEO like Granwehr.com identify the techniques, strategies and tactics required to increase the number of visitors to a website and improve a site’s authority. 

These pros can generate more traffic for companies, which also leads to a better chance of increased conversions. At the same time, an effective campaign in the search landscape can also lead to better reputations for brands. There are different kinds of expert in this arena, but most of them know how to deal with programming so that they can ensure websites are accessible as possible for customers. These employees also know how to write original content for brands, run advertising campaigns to increase revenue, and make technical recommendations to developers. 

Could You Succeed in This Role?

The company or client you work with in this industry will often dictate how technical your job actually is. Some companies rely on their SEO specialist to deal with things like keyword strategies and creating content, but they hire other people to handle user experience updates to the website coding, and work with developers. You might also find that working with some companies requires you to branch out from focusing on the company’s website and search results. 

Many professionals who start off in the world of SEO end up working on things like social media and email marketing campaigns too. They might help to write content for guest blogs so that companies can earn backlinks or assist with creating content plans for things like videos and podcasts. There’s no one kind of person who’s more likely to succeed in a job like this one. However, if you’re planning on taking this route, it’s worth remembering that you’ll need to be committed to constant learning. With algorithms and trends changing all the time, failing to stay ahead of the curve could quickly mean that your search strategies become irrelevant.

How to Study Abroad in the US: Ways in Which Writing Services Will Help You Study

Writing an a+ essay while you are studying abroad is not always an easy task. This is the moment when you could use the help of essay writing service.  Those can provide you with a number of useful tips as well as show you the needed support when it comes to complicated assignments. Are you ready to learn more about essay writing services? Find more details about how an en essay writing service can help you study abroad and a review of APlusEssay service to see if it is a good company. 

How Essay Writing Services Can Help You with Your Studies 

Are you not sure about the top essay writing services being a good idea? It is understandable since there are many places that cannot be trusted with your assignments. 

  1. You can focus on your studies more. It can be hard to concentrate on subjects that are more important to you when there is always a lot of stress out on you when it comes to piles of homework that never end. 
  2. There will be more time for other things. Going to another country to study is always an interesting experience, so freeing your time for other activities will help you explore the new place and feel like a real citizen of this country. 
  3. It will be easier for you to adjust. Living far away from your home can be hard. This is why there is no shame in using the assistance of the experts with all the assignments you have to work on. 
  4. Your grades will remain great. Good grades are always a good motivation to keep studying, and essay writing service will help you with staying on track with that. 
  5. The level of stress will decrease. You should always take care of yourself, especially if you are in a place you are not used to. 

A + Essay Service Review: Is It Really Worth It? 

  1. Affordable professional essay writing service. A+ Essay is a place where you can get a paper for a price that won’t hurt your savings or budget. Here, you can purchase a high-quality paper for sale that will earn a good grade. 
  2. 24/7 help. This reliable essay writing service works around the clock, so you can get answers to any questions and any kind of assistance at any time. Not every essay writing service is ready to offer this feature, so it is definitely a great bonus for customers.
  3. Good reviews and positive feedback. Most clients of this trustworthy essay writing service are satisfied with what they get. If you read their reviews, you will see that most of them are positive. Around 98,5% of customers who have chosen this company have later received great marks. To learn more about the service, you can visit websites that review them and see what they have to offer yourself. 
  4. Great quality of assignments.  Your order will be completed according to all the instructions, which means that a good great is a guarantee. If you are not sure about the quality of the professional essay writing service, you can request samples of papers that will help you understand what kind of quality you should expect from the A+ service. 
  5. Fast completion of the orders. If you have a lot of upcoming deadlines, you should use this service to get done with your papers as fast as possible. A+ Essay offers quick and urgent delivery, and as you can see it from the reviews, those actually work. 
  6. Professional writers who will work on your assignment. With A+ Essay, you get a chance to work with a team of experts who can be called the true experts in this field. If there is something you don’t understand, you can always speak to them and explain your problem. 

Find the Right Assistance with Your Papers Now 

A good online essay writing service will provide you with all the necessary materials and assistance you need in order to keep achieving academic heights. APlusEssay is the top rated essay writing service that would be able to assist you with all kinds of tasks. There are many good essay writing services, and if you are ready to start working with one of them, APlusEssay is a good place to do that. Just keep in mind that it is very important to share your ideas and concerns with the service so they would be able to give you the best solution.

Correct grammar: is it possible in the era of messengers?

Young people communicate through text messages all the time. Many parents try to prevent their offspring from spending too much time online, but it’s hardly going to change any time soon. Another worry that unites preoccupied adults is the kids’ ability to speak and write English properly. The language kids use in their text messages is very different from the language the students are expected to use in their written assignments. So will the future generations learn to write properly or will texting change our language forever? 

One of the most prominent researches in the area was conducted by Clare Wood and Nenagh Kemp at Coventry University in the UK in 2014. While similar studies have been done in the past, it was the first study ever to consider the long-term consequence of frequent texting on the kids’ writing skills. To begin the study, Kemp and Wood asked 83 primary school students, 78 secondary school students, and 49 college students to provide them with all the text messages they’ve sent in the last two days. Consequently, the texts were analyzed to determine how often a particular student uses so-called textisms. After collecting the text messages, researchers asked the students to take several grammar, writing, and reading tests. Besides taking the test at the beginning of the study, the students were also invited to repeat the tests 12 months later. 

The results of the study came as a surprise: there was no correlation shown between frequent use of textisms and poor grammar skills among students. In fact, young people who used textisms more often performed even better than their peers and showed more improvement over the course of a year. While that was true for middle school and high school students, college students who used more textisms did achieve worse results than their colleagues, although the correlation was quite weak. 

So are fluent texters actually better at writing than students who don’t use textisms? It is still quite early to draw such conclusions. However, many scientists have their theories regarding the positive (or at least neutral) effect of texting on writing proficiency. 

According to John McWhorter at Columbia University, we shouldn’t be surprised by the results of the study. He claims that texting has nothing to do with proper writing. Instead, it’s a “spoken” language. Just like no one talks like they write their novels or essays, we aren’t supposed to use the same structures in texting and other forms of writing. One might argue that people used to write letters to each other and still used proper English for interpersonal communication. But texting has its own norms and culture. With texts, we can communicate through writing just as fast as we can communicate through talking. That’s why it calls for innovative language structures. Texting requires a language that is concise and expressive at the same time, which can be achieved by emojis and abbreviations. Punctuation or capitalization, on the other hand, are not helpful at all. 

The authors of the research support McWhorther’s claims and suggest that texting should be viewed as a new way of interaction with the language, not a threat to the old ones. Kemp says that texting can be considered as an additional literacy skill since it’s essentially expressing what you would say in speaking in the written form.

Interestingly enough, there’s also a plausible explanation of why texting has a more positive influence on younger children than on college students. When kids are learning how to write and how to text, they get familiar with the language by playing with it and finding different ways to express their thoughts. Abbreviations and symbols such as emojis are not exactly new kids have always been using them in their written notes and letters. Wood also brings attention to the fact that the majority of texting abbreviations are phonetically based. Therefore, by using them, children are practicing phonics a skill of understanding the relationship between sounds and letters that is widely taught in primary classrooms. So when children write “2” instead of “to/too” or “cya” instead of “see you”, they are unintentionally learning about the connection between sounds and letters that represent them.

If playing with the language really leads to better spelling and grammar among young people, it makes sense that college students who use textisms wouldn’t show as much writing improvement as middle school and high school students. That is because when we get older, we don’t see texting as a way to play with the language and find creative ways to use sounds and letters anymore. When we are adults, we don’t see it as an experiment, but merely a social norm and a way to fit in. 

So as long as the schools keep teaching children formal writing and grammar skills, grammar nazis can stay calm. Although most of the kids seem to understand it without further assistance, teachers should specifically mention when you have to follow all the rules and when it’s not that important. And if your children are struggling with grammar and writing, don’t blame texting. Instead, check out pendrago review that will help them become successful students and proficient writers.

How to Ace Your Upcoming Entrance Exam

The months leading up to your entrance examination could be the most pivotal of your life. After all, these months will require intense preparation and determine how well you do on the tests. These months are also the difference between smooth sailing on the test and abject failure. There are certain strategies you can use to ace the exam and get into the school. Here are the strategies and guidelines that you should follow.

Finding the Right Study Materials

It is almost impossible to ace an exam without careful preparation. That preparation starts with having the right study materials to help you gain all the insights you need about what will be on the exam. The first step to prepare for your test is to research the materials needed. You can even search for people who have successfully passed the test and ask them. You also have the option of asking teachers and other instructors who are familiar with that test. For example for the Praxis, a test you must pass to be licensed to teach after completing your college education, you can use Praxis Core Writing Practice tests. This type of smart preparation will put you ahead of the curve when it comes time to complete everything successfully.

Creating a Study Schedule

Cramming has been proven to be a colossal failure when it comes to passing and retaining information for tests. Your best bet is to space out your study schedule to learn as much information as possible, and you get the benefit of retaining all that information for your eventual courses. Focus on creating a schedule that is actionable and maintainable. It’s no use scheduling 18-hour days when you know you won’t be able to keep up with a grueling schedule. It is all about having something that won’t burn you out before the test. It would help if you also left ample time in that schedule for breaks and to clear your head.

Motivating Yourself

The schedule you got there won’t be enough. You also have to keep your study motivation levels up during those times when you’re feeling discouraged. Doubt and discouragement can come in many times during the process of studying for the test. You will question yourself and think about what could go wrong. This is where having a good group of people around you to help you prepare for the test comes in.

Getting a Social Group

Finding people who are also studying for the test can be the difference between success and failure. Since you are all working towards a common goal, you’ll be able to lean on each other during those times when one of you is feeling down. It is also a great way to learn new strategies from each other to help with preparations. If you have a good study group, you will end up being more effective than going at it alone. However, the opposite is true, and a bad study group can pull you down like a giant anchor weighing down a ship. The key thing to do here is to find a good group and provide value to them.

Be in the Best Condition Possible on Test Day

All your preparations mean nothing if you don’t show up ready to go on test day. Doing meditation the night and morning before taking your exam could potentially put you in the right mental state to be focused and confident during your exam. Another factor you should think about is your diet and exercise routine. Finally, the most important thing is to get enough sleep the night before you take your exam. It will keep you mentally ready and alert to do your best.

8 Tips for Writing Exam Essays

Written assignments on any exam usually earn the most points. However, the majority of students hate dealing with these tasks and for them, to write a college essay and develop a good science paper. If you can guess the right answer in the A/B testing, luck is unlikely to help you write an essay. Luckily, you can always upgrade your essay writing skills and learn how to pass exams with flying colors. We talked to experts from a well-known essay writing service and made up 8 tips for you to successfully write an essay on the exam. 

Think about who you write to

The key to a good essay is its integrity and style. When you start writing an essay, imagine to whom it could be addressed. Think about how to interest a fictional reader? What kind of vocabulary is suitable for “communicating” with him? What grammatical constructions will be close and understandable to him? Even a made-up target audience will help you make your essay comprehensible, clearly convey your thoughts in plain and beautiful language.

Strive to express a thought rather than impress the examiner

A good essay is not defined by the number of words or complex constructions used in it. It is about how beautifully and elegantly your idea is designed, which will reveal the topic of the essay and be clear to any reader. Bizarre words or turgidity are unlikely to surprise anyone if they do not carry any semantic load. Do not intentionally use complex and bizarre words in your essay that you think will impress the examiner. Beauty is in simplicity. In addition, you risk using a complex word in the wrong place, which will be considered a serious mistake.

Active is better than passive

Readers perceive passive voice worse. Convert your phrases to active voice, if possible. This will make your narrative easy to comprehend. 

Avoid using jargon and colloquialisms

Jargon is certain encryption, a code. Words that appear in order to limit the range of people who will have access to the meaning of statements. Young people invent and use jargon to hide their conversations from the older generation. Professional jargon provides employees in a particular industry with comfortable professional communication that will not be available to non-professionals.

Thus, colloquialisms and slang expressions may not be understood by your reader, the examiner. This can lead to a misinterpretation of the meaning of your message, which is certainly not a plus for you.

Simple sentences work better 

Try to express complicated things with simple words. The cluster of terms and complex constructions will make your essay heavy, unreadable. The examiner will read simple sentences quickly and easily, and you will have less chance of making a grammatical mistake.

State, not negate

Readers always perceive affirmative sentences easier. When you notice that you are using double negatives, you should correct the situation.

Do not check it until you finish 

If you have enough time, be sure to use a draft. Do not focus your attention on grammar or correct sentence construction, forget about spelling for a while, do not worry about synonyms. Just outline your thoughts, let the text appear, and make sense. Once you’ve written the text, make a serious correction, leaving the main idea untouched. 

Read what you wrote with an intonation

Reading the essay, even to yourself, but with the right intonation and speed will help to identify text problems that you have not noticed while writing. For example, a heap of consonants in neighboring words. Perhaps you will find unnecessary words that just fill in the gaps and do not make sense in your essay. Get rid of them.

When you read your work, imagine you’re hearing it for the first time. Try to look at the arguments you have put forward as objectively as possible. Is your essay convincing? Is your main idea clear? Do all of the above statements relate to the topic and reveal it logically?

Conclusions 

The only way to learn to write a good essay is to write one. Make it a rule to write small essays systematically and regularly. Learn to formulate your thoughts so that they lie well on paper and are clear to your potential reader. Practice will help you get rid of the fear of a blank page and turn essay writing into your favorite academic activity.

8 Tips for Writing Exam Essays

Written assignments on any exam usually earn the most points. However, the majority of students hate dealing with these tasks and for them, to write a college essay and develop a good science paper. If you can guess the right answer in the A/B testing, luck is unlikely to help you write an essay. Luckily, you can always upgrade your essay writing skills and learn how to pass exams with flying colors. We talked to experts from a well-known essay writing service and made up 8 tips for you to successfully write an essay on the exam. 

Think about who you write to

The key to a good essay is its integrity and style. When you start writing an essay, imagine to whom it could be addressed. Think about how to interest a fictional reader? What kind of vocabulary is suitable for “communicating” with him? What grammatical constructions will be close and understandable to him? Even a made-up target audience will help you make your essay comprehensible, clearly convey your thoughts in plain and beautiful language.

Strive to express a thought rather than impress the examiner

A good essay is not defined by the number of words or complex constructions used in it. It is about how beautifully and elegantly your idea is designed, which will reveal the topic of the essay and be clear to any reader. Bizarre words or turgidity are unlikely to surprise anyone if they do not carry any semantic load. Do not intentionally use complex and bizarre words in your essay that you think will impress the examiner. Beauty is in simplicity. In addition, you risk using a complex word in the wrong place, which will be considered a serious mistake.

Active is better than passive

Readers perceive passive voice worse. Convert your phrases to active voice, if possible. This will make your narrative easy to comprehend. 

Avoid using jargon and colloquialisms

Jargon is certain encryption, a code. Words that appear in order to limit the range of people who will have access to the meaning of statements. Young people invent and use jargon to hide their conversations from the older generation. Professional jargon provides employees in a particular industry with comfortable professional communication that will not be available to non-professionals.

Thus, colloquialisms and slang expressions may not be understood by your reader, the examiner. This can lead to a misinterpretation of the meaning of your message, which is certainly not a plus for you.

Simple sentences work better 

Try to express complicated things with simple words. The cluster of terms and complex constructions will make your essay heavy, unreadable. The examiner will read simple sentences quickly and easily, and you will have less chance of making a grammatical mistake.

State, not negate

Readers always perceive affirmative sentences easier. When you notice that you are using double negatives, you should correct the situation.

Do not check it until you finish 

If you have enough time, be sure to use a draft. Do not focus your attention on grammar or correct sentence construction, forget about spelling for a while, do not worry about synonyms. Just outline your thoughts, let the text appear, and make sense. Once you’ve written the text, make a serious correction, leaving the main idea untouched. 

Read what you wrote with an intonation

Reading the essay, even to yourself, but with the right intonation and speed will help to identify text problems that you have not noticed while writing. For example, a heap of consonants in neighboring words. Perhaps you will find unnecessary words that just fill in the gaps and do not make sense in your essay. Get rid of them.

When you read your work, imagine you’re hearing it for the first time. Try to look at the arguments you have put forward as objectively as possible. Is your essay convincing? Is your main idea clear? Do all of the above statements relate to the topic and reveal it logically?

Conclusions 

The only way to learn to write a good essay is to write one. Make it a rule to write small essays systematically and regularly. Learn to formulate your thoughts so that they lie well on paper and are clear to your potential reader. Practice will help you get rid of the fear of a blank page and turn essay writing into your favorite academic activity. 

How To Use Peer Reviewed Research In Your Academic Paper

In this recurring and evolving age of information, one shouldn’t limit themselves to curiosity and exploration for knowledge. Everything starts with an idea and becomes the foundation of something new or better that contributes to society. If you’re seeking solutions to problems, the best way to find it is through evidence and research, thus you’re encouraged to write academically.

Academic writing is a piece of uniformly written work with brief, concise, truthful, and systematic evidence. This aims to find a solution to a problem and its results are either an invention or innovation.

The research process of academic writing doesn’t solely involve collecting preexisting information from different sources and combining them to label as your own. Instead, research involves a thorough investigation imbued with critical thinking. In order to write your academic paper, analytical thinking skills are paramount.

With that being said, when writing your academic paper, you should gather information only from reliable sources, such as peer reviewed research. These scholarly works are important pillars of science that should be utilized with full responsibilities by the researchers, while gaining its benefits as well.

 

What Is Peer Reviewed Research? 

Basically, peer reviewed research is a scholarly article, journal, research paper, or any written work that is reviewed by two or more experts in their designated field, along with suggestions and recommendations for revision, before being accepted for publication. There’s no researcher and research that produced a perfect work for the first time, thus the need for a larger room for improvement.

Peer reviewing matters greatly on the field of science. As a researcher, you should hold ethical responsibility for the sake of the quality and truthfulness in your work. You have to keep in mind that findings and results that you collect will contribute to the advancement of society. Thus, it’s only proper to put research, upon which researchers make claims about certain phenomena, under scrutiny by anyone accountable for it. 

There are numerous approaches to peer review, but generally, the two most common are: single-blind peer review and double-blind peer review. In a single-blind peer review, the reviewer knows who the author is but the reviewer’s name is hidden from the author. On the other hand, both parties are anonymous to one another in a double-blind peer review.

A peer review process is complex and strict, simply because of the importance it holds to the scientific community. If you’re interested more in discovering peer review and its manifestations, make sure to check out this post: What Is Peer Review In Science? A Complete Guide.

 

Importance of Using Peer-Reviewed Work On Your Paper

Now that the concept and importance of peer review is explained, let’s now go to the significance of incorporating it into another body of work. First of all, take note that not all journals and its enclosed articles are peer reviewed, especially free-to-access, online journals. So when you search for sources in your academic paper, and if you’re particular to peer reviewed research, you’ll have to dig in deeper. 

In terms of finding reliable and complete peer reviewed sources online, your university library account is essential to access those information. First, you can search for peer reviewed sources in your own university’s database and make sure to filter the ‘refereed’ from those that are not. 

In Google scholar, most peer reviewed journals only feature their abstract and a few short information about the research. Other peer reviewed journals that show their complete research might not have as good quality as those private ones, so take advantage of utilizing your university subscription. 

Generally, academic journals are categorized into ‘tiers’ which classifies their standing within the field and their selectiveness in accepting articles for their journal. The higher a journal sits on the ranking, the higher their reputation in providing top-of-the-line research, as well as their standards for accepting. Before papers are being submitted in their system, they always provide author guidelines that will be the basis of their acceptance or rejection. 

By definition, peer reviewed research are definitely reliable and credible sources to, not just add into your paper, but prioritize in doing so. They sit on a higher standard, quality, and authority in providing what information you need, as compared to non-peer reviewed ones. Basically, they’re not just ‘something’ to incorporate, but should ideally be on your work.

How To Incorporate Them Into Your Paper

Once you’ve found peer reviewed research to include on your paper, the next challenge now is how to incorporate them into your paper properly, with utmost critical and analytical thinking. Take note that peer reviewed research belongs under any scientific work, thus they’re cited as how all research would be, but we’ll get into the specifics later.

Before adding sources into your paper to prove your claims, you’ll have to find them first. But, it can be difficult to recognize peer reviewed research from non-peer reviewed ones, so you need to be creative in finding them. Most professors will require you to utilize peer reviewed research anyway. Peer reviewed works can also be referred to as “scholarly journals” or “refereed journals.”

To make your hunt a lot easier, here are some helpful tips:

  1. Limit your database, filtering only peer reviewed research. Whether you’re searching for sources in your university’s database or the online database, always narrow down your search through selecting that option or feature before clicking the search button. As mentioned earlier, some high quality peer reviewed research might only show a short summary, thus widen your exploration.
  2. Search in reliable websites and databases only. No matter how difficult finding sources can be, always make sure that you’re getting information only from legitimate and reliable websites. Some of the best and most reliable databases are listed here by the University of Michigan.
  3. Confirm that the publication is a peer reviewed research. Now comes to the most detailed part is to authenticate a peer reviewed research, especially if you weren’t able to identify if your source is really peer reviewed. Thus, you’ll have to look for journals physically. Although they’re not entirely successful with all resources, here are some suggested steps:
  • Look up for the masthead of the paper, usually enclosed in a box at the front or end of the whole publication. This contains necessary publication information. If you still haven’t identified it as peer reviewed, proceed to the next step.
  • See the masthead if there’s any information about methods for journal submission. Usually, there’s a written “…submit three copies…” if they’re peer reviewed, suggesting that the work has to be submitted to the reviewers first before being accepted for publication. However, this is not always the case.
  • Lastly, do your own judgment. Definitely, there are criteria to check if the work is professionally written. Check for technical terminologies, complete research parts (abstract, chapter 1 to 5, accessory parts), and most importantly, legitimate bibliographies and footnotes. 
  • If you have already conducted these steps but you’re still not sure if it’s peer reviewed, don’t be afraid to consult your instructor, colleagues, and even your institution. More sources from different minds means that you can have more diversity in your work.

Once you’ve compiled all your peer reviewed sources, it’s time to write your academic paper and incorporate these ideas in a unique and informative way. Now, onto the real process of putting these peer reviewed research into your academic paper, here are some tips that you can treat as a writing guide:

Start Early and Steer Clear From Procrastination

Everyone has probably gone through this at some point of their life: not starting a task immediately and finding themselves procrastinating right before the deadline. Writing an academic paper obviously takes time, and since your scholarly sources are written to be understood by mostly experts, it will take more time for you to incorporate them into your paper. 

To overcome this challenge, start your research early. Once you step into the process of incorporating and analyzing your scholarly sources, they’re more difficult to read and translate in your way. Most ideas will be new and unfamiliar to you. Thus, compile relevant peer reviewed research papers and start reading the abstracts and summaries first to identify if they’ll be helpful for your topic. 

Then, sort out all scholarly sources that are relevant to your topic, then start reading them thoroughly. The most time-consuming part of your research is definitely the second chapter which comprises the review of related literature and studies, which you will discuss the findings in scholarly journals that are related to your topic.

Conventionally, the second chapter always goes after the first, obviously. However, writing the second chapter first before the statement of the problem can give you a broader view of the topic.

 

Follow The Style Guide Of Journal Of Choice

Academic papers are always written systematically through following a specific format. Since journals and publication platforms sometimes vary in terms of formatting, always follow the style guide of your journal of choice. If your paper is a subject requirement, then use your professor’s provided style guide. 

Practicing this skill will be helpful when you continue to write during your academic and corporate future. Every journal has their own style and configuration so make sure that you follow them strictly, and set your personal preferences aside.

When incorporating your scholarly sources, never copy paste them as is, especially if they have a different style guide. These sources are meant to support and give evidence to your claims, so you need to explain them in a way that is connected to your topic. Make sure that you use these information while complying with the required style guide.

 

Make Use of Proper Citation

Peer reviewed or not, academic research has to be credited to its rightful authors. Failure to meet this ethical responsibility leads to a serious crime known as plagiarism. When mentioning ideas that are not originally yours, always make use of proper citation. 

Generally, sources and references are used not just to prove your claims, but it can also present facts and statistics, highlight relevant examples and illustrations, give authority to a certain idea, and so on. Before you add a source in your paper, it’s noteworthy to identify the purpose of utilizing it and how it will be presented in the best possible way. 

When utilizing your sources and writing them in your own words, always cite the source. Generally, there are three major citation style guides used in academic writing, depending on your field or topic:

  • American Psychological Association (APA): Education, engineering, social sciences
  • Modern Language Association (MLA): History, art, English, music, philosophy, linguistics, language, religion
  • Chicago Manual of Style: Supports two styles: (1) Chicago Notes and Bibliography, history and humanities, and (2) Chicago Author-Date, natural sciences, physical sciences, and social sciences

At the end of your paper, the list of all scholarly sources utilized in your research is always expected, and this is known as either the bibliography or reference list. 

 

Integrate Your Sources Seamlessly

If you’ve successfully compiled all your scholarly sources, determined the purpose of using them, and identified which citation style guide to use, it’s time to integrate them into your paper through three methods:

  • Paraphrasing: In paraphrasing, you put the relevant ideas from the source and translate them into your own words, while still giving credit to the original author. Paraphrased texts are almost the same length as the original text since you’ve put attention to details, but in your own words. It’s best to use this method when the original idea wasn’t clearly explained and you seem to have a better way of doing it.
  • Summarizing: As the word suggests, summarizing is creating a summary of an idea, thus highlighting only the key, concise points of a text. Summarizing is best to do when presenting all the main ideas in a paper briefly.
  • Quoting: When the ideas that you’ll incorporate into your paper are entirely important and specific, you have to quote them directly from the author. Always enclose these direct quotes in quotation marks and add proper citations. 

With overflowing resources, you might become too overwhelmed and overuse these information. Always keep in mind to be selective and concise. Include only relevant information that can contribute to your paper’s topic, since not everything in your scholarly journals will be directly relevant to your research. You’ll definitely encounter using two to three paragraphs, if you’re lucky enough, amidst a scholarly paper with multiple pages.

While filtering out only the essential information, also take note to stay focused on your topic. Your sources are only meant to support your claims, thus your paper shouldn’t be centered on these. Moreover, don’t overuse too many sources and quotations into a single paragraph.

 

Salient Points

Research is a mesmerizing endeavor that never stops – you think of a central idea to solve your problem, find relevant information to support them, and try to prove your claims. It’s a continuous learning process that encourages people to keep on pursuing their curiosities. While scholarly sources are abundant in different fields of science, you should be able to recognize, classify, find their purpose, and incorporate them into your research in a logical manner.