Will AI and VR Classrooms Start to Become More Encountered in the Near Future?

The world has seen massive leaps and bounds in technology in the modern age. The computers that were once as large as rooms now fit in a pocket. A conversation that would have once taken weeks to mail back in forth can now happen in seconds. The classroom hasn’t missed out on these innovations either.

What Changes Has the Classroom Already Seen?

Classrooms and the way students study today are leagues different than they once were. For example, when a student is writing an essay, they don’t have to read through a tall stack of books to find the information they need. Instead, all they have to do is a quick online search to find out anything they need to know.

Even younger children benefit from technology. The overhead projector with transparent slides of yesteryear have been transformed into touch screen boards and review games have moved online.

Teachers and students have moved onto higher tech options for a variety of reasons. For one, they help to teach students in a more engaging way and they provide an ease that wasn’t always available.

Additionally, the technology that is introduced into the world are important for children to learn. While the gadgets and software that are released while they’re in school probably won’t be identical to what they use as adults, there is an important lesson in teaching them new mechanics: the ability to adapt to new things.

What Are AI and VR?

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is something that is often heard about. It is equally lauded and complained about. After all, computers that are designed to imitate human intelligence are both inspiring and, to some, frightening. In truth, though, they offer plenty of opportunity.

Virtual reality, or VR, is also an intriguing process. It allows a computer to create a digital world that is getting ever closer to being just as real as the world around you.

While AI comes in many different forms, VR is used in the form of a headset. This is typically paired with headphones for more accurate surround sound. At more advanced levels, VR is used with additional technology such as tilting chairs or treadmills to further immerse users in the virtual reality they’ve entered.

AI in the Classroom

Asking if AI will become a major part of the classroom is almost delayed because it is already starting to be ingrained in it. There are several examples of this. A basic example would be a software that helps students study and adapts depending on what parts of the curriculum they show strength and weakness in.

Another example would be automating tasks such as grading. This, in particular, is a growing area as AI gets “smarter” and can answer more open-ended questions. AI that can grade essay questions rather than just simple multiple choice could help teachers handle large classrooms better. It could also help students learn their grades much faster.

AI and Teachers

The biggest question when it comes to AI is always if it will take jobs. The argument behind this is that if a computer can do all the tasks of a job and don’t need to be paid a wage, why not?

While AI could help teach a course eventually, it is more likely to be used as an aid rather than a replacement. This is because teachers do much more than simply teach. They offer support to students and, as of right now, are better at adapting to emotional cues than AI can. If a student isn’t paying attention during a lesson or is showing signs of giving up on a topic, a human teacher can respond to these changes better than current AI can.

VR in the Classroom

VR is slightly less common in classrooms right now but it shows great potential. The most obvious benefit of VR is that it is extremely engaging. When a student is in a VR lesson, they have the ability to explore.

It’s also trading a traditional lesson for an experience. A VR headset can be used to have in-classroom field trips which can be much more effective than listing facts to students from a textbook.

Drawbacks of AI and VR in the Classroom?

If AI and VR are so promising, why aren’t they seen in every classroom around the world?

The biggest problem is cost. Since AI and VR are newer fields, many of the newest options come with a high price. This is particularly a problem in schools with low funding. Much like other problems of schools struggling for funds, this can put students at a disadvantage.


VR and AI definitely have a place in the classroom and that place is growing. These are useful tools that enhance the learning experience. You can expect to see more AI- and VR-fueled classrooms in a nearer future than you might think.

7 Reasons People Take Out Student Loans

Are you looking to take out a student loan, but don’t know where to start? You may not even know the reasons people take out student loans. College freshmen aren’t the only ones taking out student loans to pay for their college education. Check out these 7 reasons people take out student loans plus extra resources.

(1) Help Pay for Books

Did you know that tuition can help cover books? Many people take out student loans because it’s nice to have that extra coverage, money wise. You may find yourself taking out a little extra to help you cover your school books. You may not realize how expensive college textbooks are, until it’s time to pony up and pay for them.  

(2) Help Pay for Room and Board

Student loans may help pay for your tuition, but it also helps pay for room and board. If you plan on living on campus, you may need money to help cover the cost of this. Room and board can be expensive, but also necessary. It can be hard to focus on paying rent, whenever you are focused on going to school full time.

(3) Help Pay for a Meal Plan

Just as everything else is expensive in college, one more part of college that no one thinks about is the food. You may find that buying a meal plan, while you’re in college, is one of the best things you can do to help stay fed. Of course, student loans are meant to cover costs like this!

When you’re in college, paying attention to eating healthy food is super important! A meal plan is usually a very important part of college.

(4) Graduate School

Not everyone that takes out a student loan is a freshman in college. In fact, people take out student loans because of graduate school. Usually, the student who take out student loans for graduate school are taking our private student loans. Which in this case, still comes in handy!

Most people who are in graduate school work full time jobs, may juggle being a parent plus working, and have a lot more going on in their life. A student loan can help relieve a financial burden for a while. Those who have graduate from graduate school end up making more money in the long run, so paying back the student loans isn’t an issue.

(5) Help Them Better Their Financial Situation

Let’s be honest, sometimes to get into a better spot financially, you have to go to college. Some of the better paying jobs involve a college degree. (Take note: some jobs, not all jobs).

However, some people take out student loans to help them better their financial situation. Becoming a nurse, doctor, a medical technician and many other professions require a degree of some sort. And if a person can’t afford to pay out of pocket, that is where a student loan comes in. A student loan has the power to help someone better their financial situation.

(6) Help Go to College in the First Place

The cost of college has risen greatly over the past 20 years. While it’s best to pay for college with cash, scholarships, grants, and financial aid, sometimes there’s just not enough of that sort of “money” to go around.

That’s when people start looking to take out student loans. One major reason people take out student loans is because they wouldn’t be able to do so without the help of student loans. Every person is different, but student loans can literally help make someone’s educational dreams come true!

(7) Student Loans Can Be Paid Off Quickly

If you’re focused on paying off your student loans, you can get them paid off quickly. A lot of people take out student loans with the goal of having them paid off sooner than later.

If you pay on the interest, while you’re in school, it will cost you less money down the road. Making payments, while you’re in school, is even better! The more money you throat at your student loans, the better.

Try to stick to taking out student loans with lower interest rates because overtime, this will cost you less money.

Final Thoughts

Now that you know of some reasons people take out student loans, you may feel more comfortable taking them out. Of course, once you take them out, you do have to pay them back. And keep in mind that student loans cannot be discharged in a bankruptcy.

Only take out what you need student loan wise! If you have a desire to pay them off quickly, keep working hard towards that goal. Most importantly, don’t make someone feel guilty for you taking out student loans. As long as you know the pros and cons of taking out a student loan, you can make an educated decision.

Beginner’s Guide to VPS and Shared Hosting

The subject of webhosting was fairly straightforward in years gone by; you would either look towards shared hosting or a dedicated server, there was no in between. The introduction of Virtual Private Servers (VPS) has changed the landscape of the industry and given businesses a hybrid option between the two previous extremes. So, what can you expect from your hosting provider and what are the benefits of VPS over shared hosting?

What is shared hosting?

In simple terms, shared hosting is the creation of potentially hundreds of hosting accounts on one server. As the name suggests, with shared hosting each account will not only share the server but also server resources and software/code packages. This type of offering is extremely useful in the early days of a business but those which are resource intensive and attract heavy traffic numbers may need to think about upgrading.

What is VPS hosting?

The best way to describe VPS hosting is a virtual server within a server – let’s expand. While shared hosting means that all accounts will share resources, bandwidth, etc, with VPS hosting, specific areas of the server are configured for individual accounts. So, where heavy traffic for a number of accounts on a shared server will ultimately impact all accounts on that server, this is not the case with VPS hosting. This additional protection and ring fencing of resources/bandwidth is just one of the many benefits.

Cost considerations for shared and VPS hosting services

As a consequence of sharing resources amongst potentially hundreds of different accounts, shared hosting charges can range from anywhere between just a couple of pounds a month up to $10 a month. Even the cheapest option will allow you to host two websites with 10 GB of storage, 100 GB of bandwidth, 20 email accounts and access to Control Panel. Those plans towards the higher scale of monthly charges tend to offer unlimited resources – perfect for growing businesses.

The situation with VPS charges is slightly different, starting at around $10 a month up to $40 a month. This provides a range of RAM, storage, bandwidth and CPU units to cover the majority of website resource requirements. Many people have described VPS hosting services as akin to their own dedicated server at a fraction of the price.

What to expect with shared hosting

The major difference between shared hosting and VPS hosting services is the way in which the resources are managed. Shared hosting accounts can number hundreds on one server, ranging in size from minuscule to those attracting more business-like traffic numbers. As with any server, there is a definitive amount of resources, bandwidth and storage which are not allocated per account but effectively on a first-come first-served basis. This means that if there are a number of active websites perhaps experiencing traffic spikes this will impact response times for other accounts on that server.

As your website continues to grow, and effectively “grab” more than its fair share of resources from other accounts, you would be advised to upgrade. The natural step would be towards a VPS hosting account with your hosting provider likely offering such services.

What to expect with VPS hosting

Many people believe that VPS hosting is the most cost-effective and resource effective option for growing/medium-sized businesses. In many ways it offers the benefits of a dedicated server without the enormous expense and maintenance costs. The best hosting VPS services tend to offer significant support, often 24/7, and assistance with maintenance. However, there are other benefits for growing businesses which are resource hungry and attracting significant traffic.

As a VPS hosting account is “virtual”, as and when you need to tweak resource requirements it is simply a case of adjusting the settings for immediate real-time change. The vast majority of webhosting companies will allow you a degree of self-management over your own account although they may become more involved with major changes. The best hosting companies will maintain a degree of headroom on their servers which will allow a degree of flexibility for each hosting account. This ensures that when you upgrade you will not need to go through the process of transferring to a different server – something which may result in downtime for your website.


The introduction of VPS hosting services has proved to be extremely popular especially amongst those with growing websites which are resource intensive and attracting heavy traffic numbers. This has also taken some pressure off shared hosting services. Many providers were being pushed to the limit with customers unable to afford the jump to dedicated servers and beginning to run out of options. We have also seen the introduction of cloud hosting capabilities which offer access to a network of servers over which traffic peaks and excessive resource requirements can be spread.

In summary, the benefits of VPS hosting over shared hosting are best described as greater general flexibility, ring-fenced resources, option to adjust required bandwidth as well as a more reasonable cost structure compared to dedicated servers. In effect, the best of both worlds!

How to Publish Your Student Journal on a Limited Budget

Publishing your first student journal can be somewhat expensive. However, that does not indicate that you should not consider publishing due to lack of funds for the job. The little you have can be enough to meet your daily requirements and still have some set aside for publishing. All that is required is for you to learn how to create a college budget.

Format Your Budget

For you to come up with a budget journal, you will only need some easy journal skills. With the assistance of essay writing services, formatting your first paper to guide your expenditure is critical. Your budget should focus on every money you get and how it should serve you through the semester. As a student, it is easy to become broke just a day after receiving your student pocket money. However, with primary writing journal skills, you can monitor and trace back every coin you spend and on what. Additionally, a budget helps to ensure you are accountable for all your actions. Therefore, instead of taking some time for drinks with friends, you can consider using that money to fund your research as well as purchasing several study related materials.

Stop Procrastinating

In every budget, there are essential things that require constant attention, and there are emergencies that will need your immediate attention. When there is an emergency, it does not necessarily mean that the entire calendar should be put on hold. Start by considering its urgency and weigh your options out. Some emergencies only happen to get you off balance while others turn out to be the things you forgot while writing your journal. Therefore, put in mind that it is only profitable to attend to things that you forgot to include in your draft first, and what is already there before covering any other expenses that are not essential.

Know Your Income

As you draft your expenses list, it is essential to work with a particular number. If you work or receive the same amount of money every month, then that is the best place to start. With a figure of what you make every month, you can circle all your expenses around that budget. Additionally, when you have a fixed amount, it gets easy to ensure that you don’t go beyond your income.

If you also have fixed expenses like utility bills, rent, and other bills, make them your priority. For security reasons and to be sure that you are not caught on the offside, direct such expenses to be deducted automatically. Additionally, once you have cleared all essential bills, try and ensure that every other cost fit in the leftovers and still spare some for savings and emergencies.

Work With What You Can Afford

Although publishing a journal is somewhat expensive, there is still a higher chance that even with a tight budget your journal can yet be published. However, don’t make it too long by spreading your content all over. Instead, try and focus on the critical points and write them on them at the first pages of your journal. This will help you eliminate unnecessary pages that would have cost you extra cash.

Additionally, ensure that you go through your work seriously. Take your time to go through the entire write up. This will guarantee that you will not have to go through other hardships while publishing neither will you have to pay someone to help you with editing. Through editing your work, you get a convenient opportunity to reduce extra papers hence cut on cost.

Make Your Journal Interesting

With a tight budget, you have to ensure that every line adds value and it captures the attention of reviewers. Therefore, do your research effectively, pick a convincing language and write with an exciting tone. Let your journal do the taking and educate your readers accordingly. When there is a limitation of funds, the only thing that guarantees your journal will have access to the market is through writing a competent piece. Additionally, when your article is competitive and finds its way on the market, you are also sure that it will capture the attention of readers hence make substantial returns.


Whether you have a huge budget or not, there are still higher chances that your journal will be influential as it gets to the market. However, you must ensure that you get appropriate directions on how to write and publish your piece. Additionally, it is essential to ensure that whatever you feature in the journal is a complete reflection of what you do. This will make it easy for your paper to help those who find it exciting and change their standard of life whether in school or the outer world in general. Lastly, before setting your article for publishing, give it to other professionals in the same field to read and edit it to meet all the journal publishing requirements.

Is Article Re-Writing Essential For A Good Website

There was a time when searches made on search engines were based on keywords. Now, things have changed a lot and will keep on evolving. According to Google, the search engine now looks at the structure of the content instead of the keywords. One of the reasons is people started keyword stuffing due to which their website obtained a boost in rank for a certain period; it didn’t take long for Google to find out about such techniques.

Google upgraded its search algorithms due to which the searches made now are not matched with the words in the content; instead, they are matched with the structure of the content. Google understand what the user actually needs and displays results on its basis.

Paraphrasing or call it article spinning, these online techniques change the way the original content appears without changing the meaning of the sentence or a paragraph. Now the question in everyone’s mind is, why should we use this type of techniques or tools? Well, it has its own benefits let’s say you just started a business online and didn’t have content for your website and you cannot afford a writer for this job or you don’t want to hire one.

What you can do is, you can look for the content online that has knowledge about the products or services you are offering and use this tool to re-write for you. If you don’t re-write and use the material as it is then it would not just affect the rank of your website but will be considered plagiarized because Google knows where the content was posted first.

This happens because the content on the websites is generally indexed on Google’s servers due to which the search engine is aware of how many unique contents are present on sites and how many are plagiarized. So, to avoid this situation you either need to use a paraphrasing tool or you can re-write by yourself which requires some skills, like, where to add the keywords and how many keywords you should add according to the word length of the content.

Paraphrasing A Way to Good SEO

No matter what type of website you own, without unique content your website can’t make it to the search engine results page. These are the pages which are displayed when some user makes a search on the search engine. To appear on these pages your website must contain distinctive content and usage of long tail keywords is more important than one-word keyword. Paraphrasing helps in a number of ways for good search engine optimization, one of which is you can use content available on other websites, rewrite them with the help of paraphrasing tool, adjust keywords and use it on your site.

Paraphrasing tools give a number of options, one of which is you can use these tools as many times as you want to rewrite the same article. Each time you use the article spinning tool to revise the same content it will keep on changing the words not only with synonyms but the structure will change too while keeping the meaning same.

Is English Your Second Language? No Problem!

This tool doesn’t require special skills as they have built-in grammar checkers which will take care of the grammatical errors for you. This tool is made for people like you if you need to add content to your website in the English language, and you are not good at it, what you can do is find content from various sites and rewrite with the help of some online paraphrasing tool. If you want to ask for a suggestion, then I’ll suggest http://www.paraphrasing-tool.net/ because I have used this, and it works really well.

These tools online are not always accurate so don’t forget to proofread the paraphrased article because if you use this tool a lot of times to rewrite the same content, there is a chance that it can have some plagiarized content. The likelihood is nearly one percent but still for webmasters even one percent matters.

How Many Topics Can A Paraphrasing Tool Help You With?

These tools online can work for all sorts of articles, if you are a student and doesn’t wish to learn an essay the way it is written you can use the paraphrasing tool to find the uncomplicated version which you can learn easily. You could use these tools to re-write your own written work which will help you see in how many ways you can write the same thing especially if you didn’t like your written version.

Vol 67 (2018) International Affairs and Global Strategy

Vol 67 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Terror-Globalisation and the Rise of Modern TerrorismPDF
Okunola, Taofiki. M Abiodun1-7
International Migration Flow and Network Analysis From 1950-2015: The Case of Five Selected CountriesPDF
Habtamu Worku Redie8-21
Women, Their Rights, and Workplace DiscriminationPDF
Adedeji Bethel Oluwatosin, Ajayi Oluwatobiloba Ifedolapo22-34
Analyzing the Comprehensive National Science Center in China: From A Perspective of Complex Innovation SystemPDF
Ruirui Lian, Xiaobao Peng, Liang Gao35-43
Margie Gladies Sopacua, Iin Karita Sakharina44-52

Paper submission email: IAGS@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-574X ISSN (Online)2224-8951

Vol 47 (2018) Historical Research Letter

Vol 47 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
The Reactions of Limmu Oromo of Western Ethiopia During and After the Italian Occupation (1936-41)PDF
Fekede Sileshi Fufa1-8
Nigeria’s Domestic Debt Profile (1980 – 2017)PDF
Kazeem FASOYE9-13
Background to the Construction of the Bornu Railway Extension in Nigeria, 1954-1964PDF
Tokunbo Aderemi Ayoola14-24

Paper submission email: HRL@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-3178 ISSN (Online)2225-0964

Vol.81 and Vol.82 (2018) Food Science and Quality Management

Vol 82 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Assessment of Beef Cattle Production and Marketing Practice at Mahabuba Farm in Harar Town, EthiopiaPDF
Nebi Husein1-4
Determinants of Sesame Market Supply in Melokoza District, Southern EthiopiaPDF
Dagnaygebaw Goshme5-9
Review on Coffee Antioxidant and Its Health BenefitPDF
Abrar Sualeh Mohammed10-21
Substitution of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas) and Soybean (Glycine Max.) Flour with Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum) Flour Effect on Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of CookiesPDF
Tadewos Hadero22-29
Response of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum l.) Varieties to Nitrogen Fertilizer Application Rates at Wolaita Sodo, Southern EthiopiaPDF
Aman Amare30-42
Use of Plant Proteins as Dairy Protein Substitutes in Food IndustryPDF
Pınar Balkır43-56

Paper submission email: FSQM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

Vol 81 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Preservation Potentials of Extracts from Lentinula edodes and Pleurotus Sajor Caju Mushrooms and Anas Platyrhyncha Egg Shell Membrane on Bacteria-Infected Fresh MeatPDF
Irokanulo Emenike Onyebum, Nwonuma, Charles Obiora, Kogoro Miracle Efe, Iyilade Joy Iyanuoluwa1-7
Functional Characteristics of Ledok Added with Red Bean Observed from Hypoglicemic Effect in VivoPDF
Ni Made Yusa, Ni Wayan Wisaniyasa8-12
Determination of the Levels of Some Heavy Metals in Cocoa Beans from Selected Cocoa- Growing Areas in Western and Ashanti Regions of GhanaPDF
William Asante Nnuro, MPhil. Augustine Adjei, Sampson Adjei Kankam, Bernard Opoku Frimpong13-39
Testing of Hypocholesterolemic Effects on Instant Ledok In VivoPDF
I Ketut Suter, Ni Made Yusa40-47
Impact of Productive Safety Net Programme on Food Security: The Case of Babile District, Somali Regional State, EthiopiaPDF
Abduselam Abdulahi Mohamed, Badassa Wolteji Chala, Milkessa Tamesgen Chomen48-56
Bacteriological Quality of Street Vended Ready to Eat Legume and Vegetable Based Foods in Bahir Dar Town, Amhara Regional State, North Western EthiopiaPDF
Mohammed Tesfaye57-69
Seed Borne Fungi; Food Spoilage, Negative Impact and Their Management: A ReviewPDF
Jabir Amza70-79
Management of Garlic Rust (Puccinia allii) Through Fungicide at Bale Highlands, South Eastern EthiopiaPDF
Tilahun Negash80-85
Measurement of Technical Efficiency and Its Determinants in Wheat Production: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Wogidi District, South Wollo Zone EthiopiaPDF
Moges Dessale86-93
Sofi Margritje Sembor, Hengkie Liwe, Nova N. Lontaan94-98

Paper submission email: FSQM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

Vol 10, No.31-No.36 (2018) European Journal of Business and Management

Vol 10, No 31 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Determinants the of Micro and Small Enterprises Performance in Karat town, Konso, EthiopaPDF
Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Ethiopia: Systematic ReviewPDF
Habtamu Legese11-18
Determinants of Tax Compliance Behavior in Presumptive Taxation:The Case of Dire Dawa City AdministrationPDF
Review on Status of Micro and Small Enterprise (MSE) Development in EthiopiaPDF
Tariku Ayele28-33
Business Development Service (BDS) Role in Improving the Performance of SMEs in Case of Selected Manufacturing SMEs in Adama Town, EthiopiaPDF
Minda Yirga Beyene34-38
The Practices of Customer Relationship Management in Selected Private Banks: A Case of Hawassa, EthiopiaPDF
Tesfaye Nigussie39-45
Effect of Knowledge Management on Firm Competitiveness: Testing the Mediating Role of Innovation in the Small and Medium Enterprises in KenyaPDF
Charles Kiprono Sang Keter, Amos Kiptalam, Felishana Cherop46-54
Direct Franchising as Business Model with Moderating Role of Managerial Skills and Education Level of Franchisee: Evidence from Franchisees of KarachiPDF
Muhammad Faisal Sultan55-68
Strategic Planning and Its Contribution to Organizational Performance: A Case of Selected Public Sectors in Yirgalem Town, EthiopiaPDF
Tesfaye Nigussie69-76
Opinion: “An Emerging Entrepreneur Popping Out from Nowhere to Everywhere, Created His Own Space”PDF
The Effects of Market Orientation on New Product Performance and Innovation Speed (A Case Study: Malayer Furniture Workshops)PDF
Mohammad Mohammad Zaheri79-88
Survivalist Women Entrepreneur’s Motivation and the Hurdles to Succeed in EthiopiaPDF
Amensis Gudeta89-94
Linear Programming and Its Application for Preparation of Product Mathri and Namkeen in a Small Scale IndustriesPDF
Manmohan Patidar, Sanjay Choudhary95-104

Paper submission email: EJBM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

Vol 10, No 32 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Comparative Study of ICX Business with Prosperity and Significance in BangladeshPDF
K. M. Salah Uddin, Shoyeb Haider1-11
Determining Service Quality Dimensions for Sourcing Bulk Commodities: A Case Study of the Power Utility SectorPDF
Ayanda Nteta, Douglas Boateng, Philip Serumaga-Zake12-17
E-Marketing and the Future of Commerce: Pros and ConsPDF
Thuraya M. AL-Rubain, Ghada Arif18-21
The Effect of Corruption on Economic Development in Nigeria: 1996-2016PDF
G. Udi, B. O. Ohwofas, J. Erakpoweri, L.B. Ekaje22-29
Productivity Analysis Method Using Partial Productivity and Total Productivity in the Framework of Industrial Business Development Tofu Craftsmen in Manado CityPDF
Frendy A. O Pelleng, Wilfried S. Manoppo, Dantje Keles30-37
Intellectual Capital and Organizational Performance in Saudi Public UniversitiesPDF
Samiah Al Jaid, Mas Baroto, Rosmini Omar, Saiyer Al Jaed38-49
The Effect of Financial Performance on Company Value Banks Registered at Indonesia Stock Exchange:2014-2016PDF
Stella Theodora Kewo, Rosiana Gaghenggang50-55
Public Fund Management System at Local Government Level in NigeriaPDF
Abdullahi Garba, Jummai Mamman, El-rufa’I Tijjani Abdullahi, Ibrahim Mohammed Jirgi56-59
Bank Duties in Relation to Forged Cheques with Special Reference to Bahrain LawPDF
Husham Saeed Alawsi60-67
Current State of Entrepreneurship Education Towards Breeding Entrepreneurial Attitudes Among Vocational and Technical Students in Colleges of EducationPDF
Yakubu Abdullahi Yarima, Dabo Baba Hammad, Baba Saidu Muhammad68-74

Paper submission email: EJBM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

Vol 10, No 33 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Turnover Intention of Factory Employees: A Case Study in IndonesiaPDF
Agusman Nurhidayat1-9
Determinants Influencing Consumers’ Attitude Towards Online Shopping: An Extension of the Technology Acceptance ModelPDF
Ngoc Thang Ha, Manh Dung Tran, Thanh Do Nguyen10-17
Discussion on the Development Problems and Strategies for Cruise Tourism Based on the Comparison of Supply and DemandPDF
Xiaomei Gong, Minjing Liang18-22
Internal Green Supply Chain Management Practices Influence on Firm PerformancePDF
Annika E. Jave Díaz, Cheng Guo Ping23-29
Impact of Liquidity Management and Macroeconomic Determinants on Bank’s Profitability in the Jordanian Commercial BanksPDF
Shama Noreen, Noshe Ranjha, Aliya Hafiz, Nida Saher30-37
An Empirical Study of Consumer Buying Behaviour Towards Organised RetailingPDF
Faran Ahmad Qadri, Adeel Maqbool, Mustafa Raza Rabbani, Mohammed Ishfaq38-43
Simulation of Strategic Planning for Compound Storing and ShipmentPDF
Dinda Puspita Yandra Arkeman Lilik N. Yu44-51
Traditional Institutions and National Integration for Sustainable Development in NigeriaPDF
Abdullahi Garba, Ibrahim Mohammed Jirgi, Jummai Mamman, El-rufa’I Tijjani Abdullahi52-56
Authoritarian Leadership and Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior: Mediating Role of Moral DisengagementPDF
Kemeng Zhu57-63
Evaluation of Governance Risk in Industry-University-Research Collaborative Innovation Project: Based on BP Neural NetworksPDF
Wei Fang, Jie Zhao, Jin Shang64-73
An Evaluation of Customers’ E-servicescape of Branded Websites: A Case in the Foodservice IndustryPDF
Yoshimasa Kageyama74-82
Research on Business Model of Self-operated Import E-commerce Based on Value Network ——A Case Study of KAOLA.COMPDF
Xiu Liu, Hui Yan, YiZhe Sun83-90
Non-Oil Export Impact on KSA Economic Growth: a Case Study of SABIC Company in Saudi ArabiaPDF
Hajar Ahmed Al maghrabi91-98
Effect of Strategic Human Resources Management (HRM) Practices on Perceived Financial Performance of Non-Governmental Organizations: Empirical Evidence from RDRS BangladeshPDF
Md. Sadrul Islam Sarker, Md. Ataur Rahman99-110
Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction in the Garment CompanyPDF
Ferryal Abadi, Horas Djulius111-117
The Impact of Creative Accounting and Auditing on Business Administration and Maximizing the Value of BusinessPDF
Taiseer Ali Khalaf Al-Momani118-126
The impact of the use of e-commerce accounting on the reduction of totalmarketing costs in the telecommunications sectorPDF
Taiseer Ali Khalaf Al-Momani127-137
Women Empowerment and Entrepreneurship Development in Benue State, NigeriaPDF
Umogbai Monica Esiebugie, Agwa Tewase Richard, Hian Fabian138-153
Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial IntentionPDF
Amos O Ayuo154-162
Aggressiveness and Exploration strategies of mobile communication Firms in Rivers StatePDF
Wegwu, Macaulay Enyindah, B. Chima Onuoha163-172

Paper submission email: EJBM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

Vol 10, No 34 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
A Step Towards Nexus Salon: Integration of All Top Salons at Single PlatformPDF
afrozah Nadeem1-4
Determinants of Coffee Producing Farmers’ Access to Formal Credit in Bodji Dirmeji District of West Wollega Zone, Northwest EthiopiaPDF
Esayas Negasa Hambisa5-10
Perceived Entry Barriers to Self-Employment in Eastern Ethiopia with Special Reference of Graduates and Youth EmployeesPDF
Mikrie Fekadu11-23
Challenges and Prospects of Budget Preparation and Utilization: a Study in Selected Finance Bureau of Kaffa ZonePDF
Garedew Ganecho24-32
Work Motivation Among Agricultural Development Agents in Jaldu Woreda, EthiopiaPDF
Girma Ajama33-47
Determinants of Capital Structure in PakistanPDF
Rashid Naim Nasimi48-60
Entrepreneurship in the Renewable Energy Sector of Bangladesh: A Conceptual Analysis for Exploring Opportunity and ChallengePDF
Rubaya Ismat Shithila, Nasrin Sultana, Fahad Rashid, Tasdeed Hossain Tasin, Shadman Fahim, Md. Saifullah, Md.Abdullahil Kafi, Protiva Mohiuddin61-68
The Impact of Total Quality Management on the Organization PerformancePDF
Najwa Alweteed69-71
Management information systems and their importance in decision-makingPDF
Ghada Mohammed Arifi72-80
The Impact of Total Quality Management on the Organization PerformancePDF
Najwa Alweteed81-83

Paper submission email: EJBM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

Vol 10, No 35 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Indonesian Tax Amnesty and Its ImplicationsPDF
Afrizal .1-15
Evaluating Microfinance Banks’ Capacity to Purvey Credits to Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) in South-West, Nigeria: Adopting Financial Ratio TechniquePDF
Obadeyi, J. A, Oladejo Moruf O., Adesuyi, I. O.16-31
Financial Analysis of Textile Sector in Bangladesh: A Study on Selected Textile CompaniesPDF
Kaniz Fatema, Nazrul Islam, A. K. M. Golam Rabbani Mondal, M. Amzad Hossain32-38
Factors that Contribute to Motivation and Job Satisfaction of Lecturers in Selected Technical Universities in GhanaPDF
Mary Ophelia Amporful, Phyllis Asorh Oteng, Unity Akosua Amoabeng39-45
Satisfaction Level of Credit Card Holders in Khulna City of BangladeshPDF
Kajol Karmoker, Md. Enamul Haque, Sayed Azharul Islam, Prosenjit Tarafdar46-51
The Effect of Applying Activity Based Costing System on Net Cash Flow in Manufacturing Companies in JordanPDF
Luai Abu –Rajab, Riad Al Qumbarji52-64
Impact of RMG Sector on Standard of Living of Garment Workers in Bangladesh: Determinants and Workers’ PerceptionPDF
Md. Nazrul Islam65-72
The Explanatory Variables of Non-Performing Loans in Albania, During and After the Financial CrisisPDF
Irini Kalluci73-81
Impact of Farmers’ Adoption of Good Agricultural Products on Total Factor Productivity Change: The Case of Grape and Apple Production in VietnamPDF
Thi Minh Vu, Manh Dung Tran, Quyet Thang Dao82-87
Work Environment and Its Relationship with Performance from Millennial’s PerspectivePDF
Irhamahayati ., Musa Hubeis, Aji Hermawan, Setiadi Djohar88-96
Influence of Content of Entrepreneurship Training on Performance of Small and Micro Enterprises in the Information and Communication Technology Sector in Nairobi City County, KenyaPDF
Margaret Nganu, Bula Hannah97-104
Influence of Training Needs Assessment on Performance of Small and Micro Enterprises in the Information and Communication Technology Sector in Nairobi City County, KenyaPDF
Margaret Nganu, Bula Hannah105-111
Migration, Remittance Inflow and Economic Growth of BangladeshPDF
A.H.M. Rakibul Mawla, Firoja Akter Khanam112-123
Effect of Competitive Aggressiveness on Competitive Advantage of Selected Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Ogun State, NigeriaPDF
Aroyeun, Taiwo F., Adefulu, Adesoga D., Asikhia, Olalekan U.124-135

Paper submission email: EJBM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

Vol 10, No 36 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
A Conceptual Framework to Examine the Effects of Service Quality, Organisational Image and Satisfaction on Loyalty Towards Public Higher Education Institutions in Kano State, NigeriaPDF
Ado Ismail Sabo, Zainuddin Awang1-6
Developing the Logistic Services in Hai Phong Port, VietnamPDF
Phuong Nguyen Thi Hai7-18
The Effect of Nurse Competence, Motivation, and Workload on the Performance of Emergency Room (ER) Nurse in Regional Hospitals of YogyakartaPDF
Dewi Suryandari, Erna Rochmawati, Susanto .19-26
Factors Determining the Success of the Independent Economic System, Case Study of Shrimp Farming in IndonesiaPDF
M Yusuf S Barusman, Appin Purisky Redaputri27-33
The Brand Image of Islamic Banks in the View of Conventional Bank Customers (A Study Based on Marketing Approach)PDF
Hafasnuddin ., Sofyan Idris, A. Sakir34-40
Marketing Opportunities and Export Competitiveness of Indian Spices: An Econometric AnalysisPDF
Ambili Sunil, Kiran. S. Nair41-56
Strategic Factor Analysis for Construction Consultant Business in IndonesiaPDF
Dedy Guswandi, Sahara ., Setiadi Djohar57-62
Strategy to Increase the Entrepreneurship Interest in Diploma StudentsPDF
Yusriyati Nur Farida, Riswan ., Aldila Krisnaresanti, Lina Rifda Naufalin63-67
Effect of Organizational Structure on Employee Involvement and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour in Select Telecommunication Firms in South-East NigeriaPDF
Okuu Kalu Okwuagwu68-76
The Link Between Competitive Strategy, Organizational Culture and Human Resources Management PracticesPDF
Esra Dinç Elmalı77-85
Understanding the Attitude of Generation Z Consumers Towards Advertising Avoidance on the InternetPDF
Madhobi Hossain86-96
Forest-based Tourism in Bangladesh: Challenges Unveiled for the SundarbansPDF
Md. Ariful Hoque, Easnin Ara, Muhammad Shoeb-Ur-Rahman97-107
Exploring the Staff Development and Retention Challenges Faced by Tertiary Educational Institutions in Ghana: The Case of Takoradi Technical UniversityPDF
Samuel K. Amegatsey, Daniel Odoom, Bernard Arpoh-Baah, Isaac Okyere108-123
The Effect of Financial Decisions on Selected Commercial Bank’s Profit Margin in Lagos, NigeriaPDF
Olaifa Olubunmi Ikeolape124-130
Service Recovery Strategies and Customer Retention of Selected Banks in Lagos State, NigeriaPDF
ITAI, Muktar Monday131-145
Extent of Applying Creativity Elements Among Public University Libraries’ Directors from Administrators’ Perspective at these LibrariesPDF
Nurah ali Jadallah, Omar Al-Jaradat, Ali Altawalbeh146-152
Influences of Entrepreneurs’ Affect and Self-esteem on Escalation of CommitmentPDF
Yushan Li153-158
Food Security and International Trade in Agriculture: Short and Long Term Evidence from Low Income and Food-Deficit Countries (DCs)PDF
Di He, Ingrid Epezagne, Prasad Siba Borah159-168
Joint Moderating Effect of Perceived Equity and Supervisor Support on the Relationship between Employee Compensation and Employee Performance in Kenyan Chartered Public UniversitiesPDF
Ruth Mitalo, Florence Muindi, Peter K’Obonyo, G. P. Pokhariyal169-176
Research of Structure of Entrepreneurial Fear Based on Grounded TheoryPDF
Xintong Li177-183
The Challenges of E-Commerce Implementation for Saudi SMEs: Case Study of Retail Sector in RiyadhPDF
Khaled Mohammed Alqahtani, Pingping Song184-188
Towards Entrepreneurial Universities through Marketing strategy and entrepreneurship: A comparative study of Selected Public and Private Universities in KenyaPDF
Justus M Munyoki, Joseph Owino, Henry Mutoro189-203
Performance Evaluation of Islamic Banks in Bangladesh – A Statistical AnalysisPDF
A.H.M. Rakibul Mawla, Firoja Akter Khanam204-213
Impact of Applying ISA 11 Construction Contracts on The profitability in Jordanian Contracting CompaniesPDF
Reem okab kasswna214-231

Paper submission email: EJBM@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2222-1905 ISSN (Online)2222-2839

Vol 8, No.11 and No.12 (2018) Developing Country Studies

Vol 8, No 12 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Assessing the Various Opportunities Explored by Cybercriminals in AccraPDF
Daniel Ennin, Ronald Osei Mensah1-7
Consumer Perception of Product Quality and the Country-of-Origin EffectPDF
Tomi Adejorooluwa, Qijun Liu8-14
Graduating from Extreme Poverty into a Sustainable Livelihood: A Case Study of LEAP programme in the Kpandai District, Ghana.PDF
Lariba Pakmoni, Yinghua, Chen, Charles Dwumfour Osei, Peter Saibu Mangdow15-23
Balancing Between ‘De Facto’ and ‘De Jure’ in Standard-setting Strategy by a Latecomer Country: The Case of ICT Industry in ChinaPDF
Hui Yan, Jiaqian Li24-39
Projecting the Implication of Rapid Urban Population Growth on Urban Facilities in Amhara Region: An Application of SPECTRUM ModelPDF
Belete Debebe Tekle40-47
Value Chain Analysis of Butter and Cheese: The Case of Loma Woreda, Dawuro Zone, Southern EthiopiaPDF
Betela Beyene48-57
Due Process Rights of Suspects During Pretrial and the Existing Challenges Under the Legal Frameworks of EthiopiaPDF
Awol Alemayehu Dana58-72
Impacts of Adopting Sustainable Land Management Practices on the Livelihoods of Smallholder Farmers  The Case of Benishangul Gumuz Region, EthiopiaPDF
Mahammad Arega73-80
A Tale of Two Countries: Indonesia and Kazakhstan; So Different, But So the SamePDF
Dennis de Tray81-93

Paper submission email: DCS@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-607X ISSN (Online)2225-0565

Vol 8, No 11 (2018)

Table of Contents


Journal coverpagePDF
Journal Editor
Energy-Poverty Nexus: Conceptual Framework Analysis of Cooking Fuel Consumption in Ghanaian HouseholdsPDF
Alhassan A. KARAKARA1-10
The Issue of Urban Character in the Suez Canal Region: A Proposed Matrix for Developing the Area’s Urban Character in Light of the Egyptian State’s Development PlansPDF
Waleed Hussein Ali Hussein11-23
Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) Regional Arrangement and 2011 Presidential Post-Election Violence in Nigeria: A Theoretical AssessmentPDF
Chime Chukwunonso Jideofor24-31
The Influence of Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles of Site Managers on Job Performance of Crafts in Cape Coast MetropolisPDF
Christina Boateng, Frank Ackon32-41
Documenting Indigenous Knowledge of Climate Change, Coping and Mitigation Mechanisms: The Case of the Niger-Delta, NigeriaPDF
Onwuemele Andrew42-48
Effects of Boko Haram Insurgency on Public Schools and Responses by Government of Borno State, NigeriaPDF
Abubakar K. Monguno, Mohammed K. Abdullahi, Yagana S. M. Aji49-54
The Revealed Value and Meaning of Accountability: The Dayaknese Ceremony of Hindu Kaharingan ReligionPDF
Astrid Patricia Amiani55-59
Business Plan Template Prepared on Dairy CowsPDF
Impacts of Child Labour Working at Hotels & Workshop Sectors in PakistanPDF
Saiqa Yameen70-81
Review on Factors Affecting the Performance of Micro and Small Enterprise (MSE) in EthiopiaPDF
Tariku Ayele82-85
Review on Policy Issues and Gender in Agricultural Value Chain in EthiopiaPDF
Impact of Merchandize and Services Trade on Economic Growth of PakistanPDF
Muhammad Afzal90-96
Review of Maize Value Chain Resilience and Sustainability in EthiopiaPDF
Takele Honja97-101

Paper submission email: DCS@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-607X ISSN (Online)2225-0565