Structure and function of the article: What to write
Engineering programs within different universities usually have plenty of writing guidelines and resources for their students to start with, such as TAMU and CMU. In formulating the outline, it is quite important to know that most engineering articles have a general format. The writers should refer to the engineering course material or the journal submission guideline to find the format requirement. An engineering paper usually have the following parts:
- Abstract: backgrounds, significances, methods used and results / limits;
- Introduction: backgrounds, literature review, outlines of the paper, etc.
- Methods: the writer should be clearly explain the protocols / approaches he/she followed and concisely cite the related papers that also used the methods.
- Results and discussion: the writer may need to compare the results in this paper with the ones combined in other researches. The visualization / presentation of the results in graphs and tables are also quite important.
- Conclusions: though this section appear at the end of the engineering paper, the readers may first read the abstract / conclusion to save their time. Therefore, the writers should spend enough time on this section. Limits and future research directions can be included in this section and offer more insights to the readers.
- References: different journals / assignments may require different reference styles. The writers should use the correct reference style at the beginning to save their time. Tools such as LaTex can be used to management citations.
Remember the key elements in an engineering paper
Expertwriter, a professional engineering paper writing service provider, lists key elements that the writer should be quite clear before writing the paper. The writer should ask herself / himself questions such as:
- What is the significance of the topic? This gives the readers / graders the reason to read the paper. The writer should check whether the topic is significant enough or not.
- What is the purpose of the paper? The scope of the research cannot be too wide (which may require year-long research and a few hundred pages of writing), or too narrow (which makes the topic too easy to answer).
- What do you already know about the topic? Whether the writer of the paper is familiar with the topic will be reflected in the literature review / gap analysis section in the engineering paper.
- What contributions do you intend to make? This would be the most eye-catching part in an engineering paper. The contributions should be clearly explained in the abstract, at the introduction section, and the conclusion section.
Once you have noted down your ideas and created an outline, you should begin the process of research. Find sources that support your points, noting all the citation details. Identify important contributions in the field that are connected to your project. Try to summarize your initial ideas into bullets that will eventually become paragraphs. Organize your points into a logical sequence.