Pancasila: The Educational Philosophy Alternative from Indonesia for the World

Lalu Sumardi


Indonesia has been independent for more than a half of a century. However, the educational philosophy and practices still adopt the Western philosophy and practice which do not suit the characteristics of Indonesian students. As a matter of fact, Indonesia has local wisdom values which have been legally established as the foundation of philosophy and educational praxis. This paper discusses local wisdom-based educational philosophy which become the foundation of Indonesian education adopted from the values ​​of the Indonesian local wisdom. The writing method used is Heidegger’s Existential hermeneutic Ontology. Based on this method, there is an existential meaning that the philosophical basis of Indonesian education consists of the ideological foundation, instrumental foundation (The 1945 Constitution), and a practical foundation (Laws, Government Regulations, Ministerial Regulations, and Multiculturalism). The ideological, instrumental and practical foundations have two basic concepts, namely; religiosity and humanity. Based on the sources of philosophical, instrumental, and practical values, it is concluded that Indonesia’s educational philosophy is the Religious Humanist Multiculturalism. Religious Humanist Multiculturalism is a multi-religious universal values ​​that live in Indonesia and human values ​​that are in line with Indonesia’s multicultural national identity.

Keywords: Pancasila, Educational philosophy, Religious Humanist Multiculturalism

DOI: 10.7176/JEP/11-12-11

Publication date: April 30th 2020


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