Occupational Health and Safety Challenges at the Examinations Unit of the College of Distance Education (CoDE), University of Cape Coast (UCC): A Descriptive Analysis

Matthew Quaidoo, Isaac Eliot Nyieku, Kenneth Ebo Owuyaw


Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a major issue of concern in higher educational settings especially due to the large volumes of printing during examinations. The purpose of this study is to assess the OHS practices at the Examinations Unit of CoDE and the challenges thereof. In a mixed method framework, the study uses descriptive survey research design to analyse the OHS issues. Stratified and purposive sampling techniques are used to select 106 respondents from a total population of 180 for the study. Semi-structured questionnaire is used to collect quantitative data which are analysed using frequency counts, percentages and mean of means while interview guide is employed to solicit qualitative responses which are transcribed and thematically analysed. The study reveals that most respondents (about 93 percent) are not aware of OHS policies being formulated and enforced at the workplace. About the same number of respondents are unaware of relevant provisions in the Workmen’s Compensation Act 1987 (PNDCL 187) and Ghana Labour Act, 2003 (Act 651). As a result of unsatisfactory OHS practices and non-existing policies/regulations, respondents are exposed to numerous forms of hazards: safety, biological, ergonomic, physical, mechanical and psychological. The study recommends that management should initiate action to formulate and implement an OHS policy; invest in OHS performance; organise sensitisation workshops for staff and evaluate the policy implementation process periodically.

Keywords: Occupational Health and Safety, Examinations Unit, College of Distance Education, University of Cape Coast

DOI: 10.7176/JEP/12-36-06

Publication date: December 31st 2021

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