Effect of Cooperative Teaching Method on Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement and Retention in Financial Accounting in Enugu State

Emeka Promise Ugwunwoti


This study empirically investigated the effect of Cooperative teaching Method on Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement and Retention in Financial Accounting in Enugu State. Four research questions and six hypotheses guided the study. Pretest-posttest non-randomized control group design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted in Agbani Education zone of Enugu State. The population for the study consisted of all co-educational senior secondary school one students who are offering Financial Accounting in Agbani Educational Zone of Enugu State numbering 300 whereas a sample of 165; 110 females and 55 males senior secondary school one students were drawn from (two intact classes). The cooperative group (experimental) consisted of 30 males and 85 females group totally  115 and 15 males and 30 females for controlled group. Techniques adopted for sampling was purposive multislage random sampling. Instrument used for data collection was Financial Accounting Achievement Test (FAAT) consisting of 60 item quwstions adopted from past WAEC and NECO question papers.  The instrument was face and content validated by three experts. The instrument used was further tested on 20 senior secondary school one students similar to those used for the study in another Educational Zone. The researcher adopted the Kuder Richardson Formula (K-R20) in determining the pre-FAAT and post-FAAT hence yielded reliability coefficient of 0.68. Mean and standard deviation was used in answering research questions. Hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that the experimental group (cooperative group) achieved higher and retained more Financial Accounting than their counterparts in the control group. Also male and female students did not differ significantly in their achievement and retention in Financial Accounting. It was recommended that cooperative method should be used in teaching financial Accounting. Again, financial Accounting teachers should be encouraged to embark on regular training and retraining on the effective use of cooperative learning in the classroom.

Keywords: Financial Accounting, Cooperative method, Secondary School, Achievement and Retention.

DOI: 10.7176/JEP/12-27-13

Publication date:September 30th 2021

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