Effect of Simulation Techniques and Lecture Method on Students’ Academic Performance in Mafoni Day Secondary School Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Sulaiman Bello, Mustapha Baba Ibi, Ibrahim Bulama Bukar


The study examined the effect of simulation technique and lecture method on students’ academic performance in Mafoni Day Secondary School, Maiduguri. The study used both simulation technique and lecture methods of teaching at the basic level of education in the teaching/learning environment. The study aimed at determining the best predictor among the two variables. Using quasi-experiment as a design for this study, a sample of ninety students was purposively sampled across the 3 levels of junior secondary classes in the school. Instrument called basic science achievement test (BASAT) was used as a guide for testing the academic performance of basic science students across the levels both in experimental and control groups. Using t-test of independent variable, the study found simulation technique very significant predictor of as the mean performances of student taught with simulation game technique was much higher and better than those taught using lecture method in the cause of lesson presentation in their respective class. It was recommended among others that teacher should make effective use of simulation techniques method in lesson delivery as it shows to be more promising in enhancing students’ academic performance at the basic level of education in Mafoni Day Secondary School, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Keywords: Simulation Games Techniques, Lecture Method, Basic Education, Role play Instructional Strategy,

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