Review on the Response of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Grain Yield to Different Planting Methods in Ethiopia

Tamirat Wato


Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the grass family Poaceae (Gramineae) and it is the most significant source of carbohydrate. It is one of the first crops among cereals known to have been domesticated, and it is not only an important crop today; it also influenced human history. Wheat is the main factor enabling the emergence of city-based societies at the start of development because it was one of the first crops that could be easily cultivated on large scale, and had the additional advantage of yielding a harvest that provides long term storage of food. For increase wheat production management practices used by farmers vary greatly between locations and are influenced by a wide range of agro-climatic factors (temperature, rainfall, day length, soil type, and topography), biotic factors (pest and disease), and socioeconomic factors (cropping patterns, technology, and institutions. Wheat is grown in different types of farming systems and on many various scales. From those systems extensive farming systems which mean that cultivation of wheat under rain-fed areas and on large scale of land and intensive farming system indicate that cultivation wheat crop by using a different technology (by irrigation method) on small scale plot of land (less than one hector). From the above challenges, planting methods have a countless role in reducing wheat production. Planting methods being one of the most important agronomic factors plays an essential role in seed placement at an appropriate depth, ensure enhance seed emergence and succeeding crop growth. Thus, it is better to review the effects of different methods of wheat planting on production and productivity.

Keywords: Wheat, planting method and Grain yield of wheat

DOI: 10.7176/FSQM/101-01

Publication date:September 30th 2020


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