Adoption Study of Coffee Production Technologies in South West Ethiopia

Efrem Asfaw


The study conducted in five districts of Jimma Zone vis-à-vis Limmu Kosa, Gomma, Gera, Mana and Seka chokorsa among where Jimma Agricultural research center has been popularized and disseminated improved technologies of coffee production such as, varieties, agronomic practices, protection and other management options. The level of adoption of coffee production technologies, obstacles for wide adoption of technologies are not yet conducted and there is no genuine information. Both primary and secondary data were used to generate the required information. Three-stage sampling technique was used to generate primary data from 141 smallholder farmers. Respondents were selected by simple random method. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, maximum, minimum and cross tabulation by using SPSS software package. The finding showed that small holder farmers have garden coffee, forest coffee and semi forest coffee which are 32.62%, 15%, 14% and 38.8 % of them have combination of the three coffee farm type respectively. Further, this study showed that selection/CBD resistance, Hybrid and specialty coffee varieties are adopted in the study areas which are 39.86%, 6.52%, 12.32% and 41.3% of the farmers have combination of the three coffee varieties respectively. However, level of adoption of hybrid and specialty coffee varieties are very low. The adoption levels of coffee production technologies were also identified and majority of the technologies are adopted. The chi-square result showed that Economic condition (inflation consequences) and market problems are moderately and significant obstacle for the innovative activities of coffee production technologies to the area studied. The study further showed that CWD, CBD and CBB are a major and series disease that has been out breaking in coffee farm of the study areas. The study suggests policies that will mitigate/eliminate CWD, CBD and CBB and coffee researchers/breeders should play a great role in innovating varieties free of the above stated diseases and that can copy with the impacts of climate change. Further, Extension service should be more and more strengthened so as to expose farmers to modern farming techniques and improved technologies. In this case, stumping of old coffee and using compost is not well practiced and need awareness creation.

Keywords: Adoption, Coffee Wilt disease, Coffee Berry Disease, Coffee Berry Borer and inflation

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