Psycho-Social Factors and Wellness Status of Football Coaches and Players in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Ogabor, J.O, Saba, I.A., Ahueansebhor, E, Apie, M.A


This study examines the effect of psycho-social factors on the wellness status of football coaches and players in Calabar, Cross River State. To achieve the objectives of this study, two research hypotheses were raised to serve as a guide to the study. The descriptive survey research method was adopted for the study. A total of forty (40) respondents were randomly selected for the study. The selection was done through fish bowl method of sampling technique. A questionnaire was designed by the researchers with the help of some measurement and evaluation experts that gave its content and face validation. To test the hypotheses, t-test analysis was considered appropriate for the study. The .05 level of significance was used for the statistical testing of each hypothesis with critical values and degrees of freedom. The results show that there is a significant effect of stress and alcohol consumption on the wellness status of football coaches and players. Based on these findings of the study, appropriate conclusions and recommendations were made.

Keywords: Psycho-Social Factors, Wellness Status, Alcohol, Stress, Football Coaches and Players.

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