Echocardiographic Evaluation of Females with Asthma

Gokhan Perincek, Timor Omar, Sema Avci


Objective: To evaluate ventricular functions and atrial conduction times in females with mild-to-moderate asthma Design: Prospective cohort study Place & duration of the study: Kars Harakani State Hospital, Department of Respiratory Diseases, March to August 2019 Methodology: One hundred and sixteen patients with mild-to-moderate asthma and fifty healthy subjects enrolled. Basic characteristics, blood variables and echocardiographic parameters were compared between two groups. Results: CRP (p=0.017), CAR (p=0.01), eosinophil count (p=0.001) were higher and albumin (p=0.001) was lower in the asthma group. End-systolic diameter (p=0.029), interventricular septum thickness (p=0.022) and posterior wall thickness (p=0.027) were higher in the group with asthma. Emax (p=0.040) and E/A mitral (p=0.040) decreased in asthmatic females. Aortic diameters consist of sinus (p=0.041), sinutubular junction (p=0.037) and ascending aorta (p=0.006) increased significantly and lateral/tricuspid AEMD prolonged (p=0.038) in the patients with asthma. In the asthma group, RV free wall thickness was higher (p=0.043). Conclusion: LV end-systolic diameter, wall thickness, diastolic functions, aortic diameters, lateral/tricuspid AEMD and RV free wall thickness were affected by asthma in females.

Key words: asthma, females, echocardiography

Special Issue of Health Sciences

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/6-03-06

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702