Discipline Understanding in Islamic / Traditional Education

Mehmet Okutan


The sources of Islamic education, Qur'an, Sunnah and Islamic education literature, contains very clear suggestions on teachers' understanding of discipline in teaching. Accordingly, it is expected that these suggestions will be embodied in the attitudes and behaviors of teachers, especially teachers who are obliged to provide religious education. According to the Qur'an and Sunnah, which is the main source of Islamic education, the Messenger of Allah (SA) is an educator and teacher who is sent to Muslims. The Messenger of Allah (S.A.V.), who was sent as a teacher, underlined that he was a compassionate teacher and that if we compassion as a teacher, we would see compassion from everyone, primarily from the students. Hz. Muhammad (S.A.) was the teacher whom Muslims were able to open up all kinds of problems and trust. The general method of his teaching was to read verses from the Qur'an and then to comment and explain them in an invigorating and ecstatic manner with a sweet voice, and to invite those who listen to him to believe. Those who listened to him were also his disciples. It was seen that there was a very important trust relationship with his students. Where authority exists, the discipline of discipline at the same time is considered a very important situation in the Islamic education tradition. The Qur'an reveals His Messenger of Allah as a soft-tempered person to those around him through a compassion from Allah. It is a community that starts with the family and covers all of its companions. According to this, compassion appears to be the most important factor in his discipline. Compassion is the most important feeling that contributes to the life of “love” culture in the management of teaching. The Messenger of Allah emphasized the importance of compassion in his education by saying, “Allah has sent me not as complicating and surprising, but as an educator (teacher / teacher) and facilitator”. In another hadith, yönetici If any ruler treats the society in which he is assigned with the duty of governing with softness, Allah will treat him in the same way on the day of account. Uştur This can be achieved by providing a positive understanding of discipline in the classroom. According to Ibn Sina, all attention should be paid to protecting the child's morality. This is by avoiding behaviors that will leave the child with excessive nerve, severe fear, sadness and insomnia. Such behavior can be revealed by the positive discipline of the teaching service in the classroom. Although there is a license to punish children in order to ensure discipline in Islamic education, the use of punishment in Islamic education is not recommended. Hz. It is very important that the Prophet strokes the head of the children - even after their misconduct. The method of this study was determined as literature review. The study of the sources recorded in the literature of Islamic education and the practices of the teachers responsible for providing Islamic education in the education system were determined as the method of this study.

Keywords: Islamic Education, Discipline, Traditional Education

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/5-12-14

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702