Energy Efficient Use of Microclimatic Elements and Today's Interpretation in Mardin Traditional Housing Architecture

F. Demet Aykal, Kubra Suna, Kubra Kochan


Traditional microclimatic elements are characteristic elements created by the influence of physical and socio-cultural environment in societies that share a common culture. Designing these elements in accordance with the climate zone plays an important role in energy efficient use. In this study, microclimatic elements used in Mardin traditional houses their contributions to energy efficient usage were investigated. For this purpose, the role of microclimatic elements used in design of buildings and spaces in energy efficient design has been questioned In this study, a questionnaire of 10 questions was applied to 60 users. The questionnaire was evaluated under two sub-headings as socio-demographic characteristics and the effect of microclimatic elements on users. The effects of microclimatic elements (courtyard, iwan, portico, window and solar control element) on the users were interpreted graphically and given in tabular form. It has been determined that these elements used in traditional houses of Mardin provide energy saving and provide comfortable spaces to the users. The suggestions were made by comparing the past and present uses of these items. Considering the data obtained from the findings, it was seen that new interpretations can be brought to traditional microclimatic elements in today's conditions.

Key Words: Traditional Mardin houses, Microclimatic elements, Energy

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/5-12-10

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702