Health Problems and Complementary Medicine in the First Trimester Pregnancy

Sibel Hakli, Dilara Dolgun Elmas, Nevriye Rustemoglu, Gulay Rathfisch


Gestation is a term which physiological, psychological and social changes are experienced in life and it is necessary to adapt to these changes. However, in every pregnancy, risky situations may occur which may have negative consequences for fetüs and mother. Among these risky cases, in the first trimester are spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, gestational trophoblastic disease, hyperemesis gravidarum. There were no studies on ectopic pregnancy and gestational trophoblastic disease when the literature was searched. It has been observed that most of your work was about nausea and vomiting seen in this period. However, it is observed that the results of these studies do not contain conclusive evidence. Bed rest, Chinese herbal medicines, acupuncture have been used in the prevention of miscarriages. In hyperemesis gravidarum, it has been observed that many complementary medical methods such as ginger, vitamin B1, vitamin B6, lemon oil inhalation, mint oil, chamomile, moxibustion, tactile massage, hypnosis, acupuncture, acupressure and social support are used. Many complementary methods are similar to nursing in that they centre on the concept of holism. Therefore, information on complementary therapies and their ares of use should be included in nursing curriculums, nurses should be updated on these therapies through in-service trainings.

Keyword: Complementary Medicine, First Trimester, Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Nursing.

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/5-4-23

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702