Extension of Old and Modern Dadds: A Phonological, Descriptive, and Analytical Study

Tariq Ibrahim Ziyadate


Extension is a characteristic tackled by scholars through study and analysis . The discussion was confined to modern “ Dadd” , but they never identified the nature of the old one . This is where the idea of this study stems from . The study tries toidentify the nature of both “ Dadds “ and how their difference impacts the particular as well as the general features .

Thus the study surveys and discusses  the opinions of the ancient and modern scholars . Due to that , the study adopts the descriptive analytical method which at the end showed that extension of the old “ Dadd” is solely aerial as air extends in the furrow along with the side of the teeth  without any frontal extension of the tongue . As for the extension of the modern “ Dadd “ , it has two types : aerial seen in the air which forces the tongue to move to the front , and organic seen in the frontal extension of the tip of the tongue .


Key words : “ Dadd “  . extension  . teeth . aerial  . organic) “Sheen”, “Seen” (Arabic alphabets, organic)

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ISSN 2422-8435

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