Subsoil Characterization for Foundation Stability Using Geophysical and Geotechnical Methods

Sunday Bayode, Adetayo Adebiyi Egbebi


An Integrated geophysical and geotechnical subsoil characterization of parts of the new stadium complex, Akure, southwestern Nigeria had been carried out with a view to characterize the subsoil materials for stability of proposed engineering foundation. Five (5) magnetic and three (3) dipole-dipole profiling were carried out at station separation of 10 m along the traverses. Twenty one (21) Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) measurements were made at selected locations along the traverses. A total of five (5) soil samples were collected from a dug pit at a depth of 1.0 m for laboratory analysis. The magnetic profiles delineated characteristic one to two negative peak amplitude anomalies that are typical of thin dipping dyke models (suspected to be fractures, shear zones, faults or geological contacts) along Traverses 1-5. The 2-D geomagnetic section delineated overburden thicknesses ranging from 5 – 15 m along the Traverses. The subsurface geologic units delineated by the geoelectric sections and the 2-D resistivity images consisting of the topsoil, weathered layer, partly weathered/fractured basement and fresh bedrock. Part of the topsoil and the weathered layer are characterized by low resistivity values suggestive of the presence of clay and or weak geomaterials at a depth range of 1 – 4 m within which civil engineering foundation are usually placed. These zones and the fractured/fault zones delineated by the magnetic methods constitute weak geomaterials that are considered to be inimical to civil engineering structures within the study area. Results of geotechnical analysis of soil samples adjudged plasticity indices of samples A, C and D to be of high index and were characterized by high plasticity/compressibility and consequently of low engineering competence. Samples B and E were classified as low-medium plasticity/compressibility, and are rated moderate–high engineering competence. However, it was observed that soil with higher liquid limits or plasticity index have lower electrical resistivity values and hence were adjudged low in engineering foundation competence. Based on the analysis of the results obtained from this study, the engineering foundation suitability of the soil were generally classified as good (B and E), fair (D) and poor (A and C). It can therefore be concluded that the subsoil in the investigated area are generally of low to high civil engineering competence.

Keywords: Geophysical; Geotechnical; Subsoil; Competence; Characterization; Foundation, Stability.

DOI: 10.7176/JEES/10-6-08

Publication date:June 30th 2020

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©