Study of Population Activities in Establishing the Economic Welfare of Belawan Coastal Communities, North Sumatra

Riki Rahmad, Fellix Rimba, Mona Adria Wirda


In general, coastal communities have cultural values that are oriented in harmony with nature, so technology utilizes the resources in adaptive technology with coastal conditions. The social life of coastal communities is not much different from the social life of other coastal communities in Indonesia, such as low education, seasonally-dependent productivity, limited business capital, lack of means to support poor market mechanisms and the long transfer of technology and communications that result in coastal community income , Especially the processing fishermen become erratic. The purpose of this study is to determine the activity of the most dominant population around the coastal area of Bahari Village Medan Belawan, Indicator of community welfare, Effect of population activity on the welfare of the people of Bahari Village, Medan Belawan District. The location of research in Bahari Village Medan Belawan District. The timing of this research is started from the preparation of the proposal on 25 April, Implementation of research on May 1, 2017, and preparation of final report May 19, 2017. The methodology in this research is descriptive qualitative. Population in this research is head of environment and coastal community of Bahari village, Medan Belawan District. Some technical problems that hamper the welfare of fishers, among others, most are still traditional fishermen with socio-cultural characteristics that have not been conducive. Then, the fleet structure of capture that is still dominated by small/traditional businesses with weak scientific and technological skills. In addition to the low interest of schools in the surrounding coastal communities, the uncertainty of income received by fishermen, the indifference of most of the population will be the assistance provided by the government.

Keywords: Coastal, community, economic, Belawan

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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