Multidimensional Poverty Incidence in Nigeria: Empirical Insight from Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) Survey

Innocent A. Ifelunini, Thomas A. Jonah, Elizabeth C. Wosowei, Samson Otene


This study carried out an analysis of multidimensional poverty incidence in Nigeria using the Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) Data, a non-monetary welfare indicator survey. A composed sample of 77,400 (seventy-seven thousand, four hundred) housing units drawn from the 36 States and Federal Capital Territory-FCT was used for the study. Five non-monetary welfare indicators were constructed for the study- Housing; Education; Energy; Health; and Land access. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Adapted-Foster Greer and Thorbecke, were used to analyze the data. The PCA was used to derive the non-monetary poverty line. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin model adequacy value of 0.75 was obtained in each of the poverty groupings. The study revealed that poverty in Nigeria has no geographical frontier, with all the geo-political zones/groupings recording high incidence of multidimensional poverty. Among the recommendations made were: Government should target specific regions or states based on the poverty attributes they are most deprived; Government should incorporate other poverty attributes in their poverty eradication programmes instead of focusing primarily on moving people out of certain income poverty level.

Keywords: Nigeria, Multidimensional Poverty, Incidence, Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire

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