Economic Development and Biodiversity Gain with Local Community Cooperation

Ismaiel Abuamoud, Raed Al-Tabini, Khalid Al-Khalidi, Mustafa Al-Shudiefat


Environmental degradation due to overgrazing and the inconsistent assignment of property rights to herding populations has severely affected global rangeland productivity. A political barrier exists to rehabilitating these rangelands, as environmental protection schemes are often cast as “anti-jobs.” These problems are continually felt in Jordan, one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. This study aims to provide a case study in contrast with the perception that there is, necessarily, a “land vs. jobs” trade-off. The study focuses on the efforts of the Royal Botanical Garden (RBG) to improve the profitability of 5 herding families in Tell Ar-Rumman, Jordan. The RBG implemented numerous programs, including veterinary care, training, and at-cost high-grade pharmaceutical sales. They also supplemented feed, created managed grazing protocols, and introduced profitability accounting measures. Analyses of the five herders’ incomes pre- and post-intervention indicate significant net gains. Improvements on herder’s net income of 89%-400% were observed.

Keywords: Jordan, Rangeland, Economic Development, Sustainable Development

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