Gender Difference and Its Effect on Agricultural Productivity: The Case of Yubdo District in Ethiopia

Bacha Gebissa


Rural men and women have different access to productive resources which may hinder women’s productivity and reduce their contributions to agriculture. This research was conducted to analyze difference in agricultural productivity between male and female headed households in Yubdo district of West Wollega Zone, Oromia National Regional State. The study used cross-sectional data that is collected from a total of 150 sampled respondents. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and econometric model. Results of the study showed that male headed households own more of productive resources such as land, livestock, labour and other agricultural inputs as compared to female headed households. Additionally, Cobb-Douglas production function was used to estimate the productivity difference in agriculture between male and female headed households. The result indicated that farm land, inorganic fertilizer, labour, number of oxen and number of extension contact were statistically significant in influencing the productivity of male headed households while farm land, inorganic fertilizer, labour, herbicide and improved were significant variables affecting the productivity of female headed households. The comparison of the marginal value product with the factor cost showed that both male and female headed households could increase productivity using more labour and farm land. The agricultural productivity difference between male and female headed households was about 70.84% in the study area. On the other hand, if female headed households had equal access to the inputs as male headed households, gross value of the output would be higher by 17.6% for female headed households. This may suggest that female headed households would have been more productive than male headed households if they had equal access to inputs as male headed households. Thus accessing female headed households to inputs that increase the productivity of land, labour utilization, usage of herbicide; and introducing technologies that reduce the time and energy of women is essential to improve the agricultural productivity of women and the society as a whole.

Keywords: Cobb-Douglas, Decomposition Model, Ethiopia, Yubdo

DOI: 10.7176/JESD/10-19-06

Publication date:October 31st 2019

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