Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions in Côte d’Ivoire: Should We Worry?

Felix Fofana N’Zué


The objective of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the CO2 emissions and growth nexus in Côte d’Ivoire. The data used range from 1960 to 2015. An ARDL model is used to assess the long run relationship between CO2 emissions, per capita GDP and selected control variables. We found that there is a long run relationship between CO2 emissions, per capita GDP, Investment; Openness, life expectancy and population. Thus, they are cointegrated. We also found long run causality running from CO2 emissions to per capita GDP. The results indicated a nonlinear relationship between per capita GDP and CO2 emissions. This enabled us determine a CO2 emissions threshold beyond which any increment in CO2 emissions negatively affect the country’s economic performance. This tipping point stood at 7,755 kt. The country’s actual emissions is well above this threshold. There is therefore reasons to worry, and we call on government to take necessary actions to monitor CO2 emissions in the country before it is too late.

Keywords: CO2 emission, economic growth, ARDL

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