The Role of Basic Education for Afghan Refugees in Promoting Primary Education: A Case Study of Befare Controlled Institutions in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Riaz Ali


This study was undertaken on, The Role of Basic Education for Afghan Refugees in promoting primary Education: A case study of BEFARe controlled institutions in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. For this study the researcher used proportion allocation method of sampling, 216 students (136 boys and 80 girls) and 35 Teachers (27 male and 8 female) were selected for this study. The study indicates that, majority of the respondents were at the age of 10-14 years and most of them were male. Most of the respondents were satisfied from best teaching in the school and they considered that as a pull factor. Poverty is marked by majority of the respondents as push factor to BEFARe schools. All of the students’ responses were that BEFARe is their first institution. Majority of them were not satisfied from the schools washrooms. Most of the respondents were satisfied  from  BEFARe,  because  it’s  purely  for  refugees,  while,  most  of  the   respondents were not pleased from it due to its poor facilities. The medium of instruction was Pashto as it is the same in Afghanistan. All the students were satisfied with the teacher’s overall performance. The students were paying 30 to 50 rupees for admission at schools.   Most of the respondents showed ignorance from their future plan regarding their further education. All the teachers, who all were Afghanies, joined the schools, because it was for refugees. Every school had more than 5 teachers. Interview was the selection criteria for a teacher with qualification must not less than F.A. Most of the respondents were in favor of essential changes in the curriculum. There was no test conducted for student on admission time. Midterm examination held in the BEFARe schools and grading system was existing in the schools. Community perception was good about the schools and assisted the schools through school management committee. Majority of respondents were not satisfied from BEFARe learning and teaching facilities. Low package  is  also  a  discouraging  factor  which  is  pointed  out  by  the  teachers community.

Keywords: Basic Education, Afghan Refugees, BEFARe schools, Teachers’ Performance, Main Factors.

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