Energy Poverty in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia

Getamesay Bekele


This paper analyzes multidimensional energy poverty in Addis Ababa city. The multi-dimensional energy poverty index is used to estimate the energy poverty in the city, using cross sectional data from 466 households in 2012/13. The result indicates that 57.9% of the city households suffer from multi-dimensional energy poverty. It means that households have little or no access to clean cooking energy, have no their own energy appliances and do not use energy appliances. The households do not benefit much from modern energy sources. The study also identified that households with high education level, who own refrigerator, posses their own electric meter and have higher income are less likely to be energy poor. Thus, improving the status of households in possessing these resources is essential to enhance their access to energy.

Keywords: Energy poverty, energy sources, multi-dimensional poverty, Addis Ababa.

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