Analysis of Sustainable Tourism Livelihoods in Batu (East Java, Indonesia): SLFT Approach (Sustainable Livelihood Framework for Tourism)

Aang Afandi, Candra Fajri Ananda, Ghozali Maskie, Moh. Khusaini


Batu city, identically with the tourism sector. The existence of this famous tourism since the Dutch colonial era, even Batu known as the Dutch title as De Klein Switzerland. Base of Batu tourism, a nature tourism, which relies on the potential of natural beauty. In trying to maintain the existence of Batu development through various tourist destinations and new infrastructure completeness. With the rapid development of tourism, making tourism sub sector contributes greatly to the local income government. So, the purpose of this research is to identify result of Compare mean on two groups and explore an explanation why the two groups were different or there are similarities.

The research instrument was a questionnaire survey of households that is aimed at people living in community-based and capital based tourism destinations. The community-based destinations are located in Songgoriti tourist destinations and apples agro destinations, whereas for a capital-based tourist destinations in  Jatim Park 1, Jatim Park 2, Eco Green Park and Batu Night Spectacular. The method used in this study is a descriptive statistical analysis and compare mean on two groups by considering qualitative aspects as quantitative descriptors of the data obtained.

The findings showed that there were differences over the sustainability of both the destination group, primarily on economic sustainability. Where, from the results of the descriptive statistics indicate that the population in community-based destinations enjoy the experience more than the economic sustainability of the communities living in the capital-based tourism destinations. This happens because people have a tendency major involvement in the tourist activity or in other words become an integral part of a society tourism development.

Key words: Tourism,  capital-based tourism, community-based tourism, tourism sustainability development.

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