Quality factor of seismic coda waves from earthquakes in northern Morocco

Abderrahim Boulanouar, Mimoun Harna?, Lahcen El Moudnib, Abdelaali Rahmouni, Antonio Villasenor, Josep Gallart, Mohamed Boukalouch, Jamal Sebbani


The main objective of this work is to analyze seismic attenuation (1/Qc) using a single backscattering model hypothesis of Aki and Chouet (1975). For this purpose, the recordings of 66 local earthquakes (epicentre distance < 100 km) during 2008 in Northern Morocco have been used with a magnitude (Ml ) less than 4. The Qc quality factor values have been computed at four central frequencies 0.75, 1.5, 3, 6 and 12 Hz and analyzed for two horizontal and vertical components for performing the average values. Four lapse time windows seconds from 30 to 60 duration with a difference of 10 seconds have been analyzed to study the lapse time dependence of Qc. We obtained a strong average frequency dependence follow a power law Qn=Q0fn where Q0 is Qc at 1Hz and n is the power of frequency dependent .The frequency dependent relationships obtained are Qc=(143.75±1.09)f(0.864±0.006) for the vertical component , Qc=(149.12±1.08)f(0.85±0.05) and  for the N component , and Qc=(140.42±1.81)f(0.902±0.04) for the E component. The values estimated of coda Q shows independent on the component of wave motion consistent with (Jen-Kuang Chung 2009 and Priyamvada Singh 2012 ), thus only one component sufficient to treat the attenuation in this region. The mean values of the estimated Qc of the vertical component vary from 76 (at 0.75) to 1147.6 (at 12 Hz) for 30  seconds coda window length, for 40 seconds coda window length Qc vary from 122.48 (at 0.75) to 1255 (at 12 Hz ) while for 50 seconds coda window length Qc vary from 141.4 (0.75) to 1420.8 (at 12 Hz ) . Similarly for 60 seconds coda window length Qc vary from 173.89 to 1495. The increase in Qc values with lapse time shows the depth dependence which agree with many studies. The results obtained with this model are presented and then compared to results from the literature.

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email: CER@iiste.org

ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

Please add our address "contact@iiste.org" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright © www.iiste.org