Analysis of Adoption of Improved Cookstoves by Households in Kaduna North Local Government Area, Kaduna State Nigeria

Samaila Alhassan Sati, Hindatu Abdullahi Maikano


The level of fuel wood consumption in traditional cook stoves is on the increase due to the cost and unreliability in the supply and availability of modern forms of energy. This study focused on the adoption of improved cook stoves in Kaduna North Local Government Area. Data were collected from four sampling units (Kawo, Badarawa, Hayin banki, and Unguwar shanu) using field observation and questionnaire survey. The data collected were analyzed using t-test and the Point Biserial Correlation. Results obtained revealed a significant relationship between education levels attained and type of cook stove used. Majority of the respondents with low income (< 18,000 naira) were found to use fuel wood. A significant relationship existed between house hold size and type of cook stove used, where households with numbers greater than 4 used fuel wood in the study area. Significant difference in the amount of fuel wood consumed by improved and traditional cook stoves was observed using t-test, where traditional cook stove consumes much more fuel wood than the improved cook stove. Most respondents preferred traditional cook stoves and open fires over improved based on beliefs and culture. Awareness level about the improved cook stove was very poor. The use of improved cook stoves from this study has shown a strong relationship between its adoption and educational status, income level, household size, cultural beliefs, as well as level of awareness. Hence, there is need for enlightenment on the advantages of improved cook stoves and dangers associated with fuel wood/open fire use.

Keywords: Fuel wood, Cook stoves, Kaduna, Traditional, Energy

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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