Study of the Potential of a Local Geoid Model for Extracting the Orthometric Heights from GPS Measurements in Topographic Works

Yehia H. Miky, Reda Yaagoubi, Ahmed El Shouny


Due to the rapid development and expansion of geodetic applications, the determination of orthometric heights in an accurate manner is considered as one of the most required conditions to carry out such projects. Obtaining orthometric heights using traditional methods of levelling is time and cost consuming. Hence, investigating other techniques that provide the same accuracy, as leveling methods, but requiring less time and cost is very gainful. Recently, satellite positioning techniques and their applications are being used increasingly in geodetic projects. So, it is interesting to study the efficiency of such techniques for obtaining orthometric heights. GPS methods provide highly accurate measurement of ellipsoidal heights. However, the conversion of ellipsoid heights to orthometric heights may be achieved using geoid models. The objective of this research is to study the efficiency of using a local geoid model as an alternative method to obtain orthometric heights from GPS measurements. This paper proposes a methodology to generate such local geoid models. Then, the results of using the generated local geoid model for Jeddah city in Saudi Arabia are presented. These results indicate that the difference among estimated undulations values from the local geoid model and undulations values calculated from leveling techniques ranges from 1.8 cm to -1.1 cm. with a maximum standard deviation of 56 mm. These results confirm that the creation of a local geoid model is an effective method that gives the required accuracy for topographic works.

Keywords: GPS/Levelling method, Local geoid model, Krigging method.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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