Multicultural Education for Cultivating Nationalism and Preventing Radicalism of Santri in Pesantren

Haris Supratno, Dedy Rahman Prehanto, Resdianto Permata Raharjo


Multicultural education is an educational model that aims to cultivate mutual respect, tolerance, and recognize the rights of others’ existence regardless of ethnic, national, racial, social, cultural, and religious status, for cultivating nationalism in santri. So that, they have senses of love, pride, for defending Indonesia as their nation and state and for preventing radicalism of santri in Pesantren. Multicultural education model in East Java Pesantren has similar model that is integrated both in formal and non-formal education by using role models given by caregivers, Kyai, and ustadz and being educated in daily activities. Multicultural education through the inculcating of habits and models that are applied in Pesantren environment through non-formal education, such as obedience and respect for caregivers, Kyai, ustadz, and others; obligatory prayer and tahajjud prayer in congregation; reciting classical books together; greeting everyone; modest, polite, respect, and tolerant behavior; recognizing the rights and existence of others as well as respecting for differences of opinion, ethnicity, nation, social status, culture, and religion. Whereas, multicultural education model through formal education can be seen from the habit of respecting the teacher; greeting when they meet the teacher; greeting while kissing his hand; when the teacher is explaining they must listen, not talking each other or making jokes; and when asking the teacher, they use good language and polite .

Keywords: education, multicultural, radicalism, pesantren, and santri.

DOI: 10.7176/RHSS/9-20-03

Publication date:October 31st 2019

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