The Malady of Boys' Performance: What are the Effects of Institutional Variables on students’ performance at Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in Subukia Sub-District, Nakuru County, Kenya?

John Migwi MWANIKI, John Aluko ORODHO


This study examined institutional variables affecting the performance boys at Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KSCE) examinations in Subukia District, Nakuru County. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design.  The target population   was 7,943 consisting of 7,886 boy students and 57 principals.  The study drew a sample of 429 consisting of 366 students and 6 principals. Questionnaires were used to collect data from the students while the interview schedules were   used to collect qualitative data from the principals. The main findings were that truancy and coupling especially in mixed schools as well as inability to pay school levies on time were the main institutional variables that negatively affected students’ academic performance in national examinations. The study concluded that as boys progress within the school system their performance declined due to the interference of the intertwined institutional and home based variables.   It was   recommended  that secondary schools should consider having a fully operational guidance and counseling departments to mitigate on the effects of institutional factors affecting the  performance of boys  in KCSE  in Subukia District, Nakuru County, Kenya.

Key Words: Malady,   Boys' Performance, Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education, Institutional Variables,   Subukia Sub-District, Nakuru County, Kenya.


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