The Factors Predicting Pre-service Science Teachers’ Scientific Literacy

Onder Cagac, Nurcan Karagol, Esme Hacieminoglu


The purposes of the study are to investigate pre service science teachers’ level of scientific literacy, beliefs about science teaching, and science teaching efficacy belief and how much variance in pre service science teachers’ scientific literacy can be explained by beliefs about science teaching, science teaching efficacy belief and grade point average (GPA). The survey design was used in this study and the sample of this study consisted of 172 pre service science teachers enrolled in elementary science education department in the university. Test of basic scientific literacy, science teaching efficacy belief instrument, beliefs about science teaching questionnaire were used as data collection tools of this study. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were used as data analyses technique. Descriptive analysis results revealed that while preservice science teachers had high levels of scientific literacy and beliefs about science teaching, they had low level of personal science teaching efficacy belief. On the other hand, preservice science teachers’ science teaching outcome expectancy and grade point average indicating academic achievement was acceptable level. Multiple regression analyses results revealed that preservice science teachers’ academic achievement was the best predictor of the variance in preservice science teachers’ scientific literacy. Besides, science content knowledge, personal science teaching efficacy belief, and beliefs about science teaching with respect to assessment made significant contribution to explaining science teachers’ scientific literacy.

Key Words: Scientific literacy, Science teaching efficacy belief, Beliefs about science teaching,

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/7-05-02

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702