Determination of Some Agricultural Properties of Second Product Sweet Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] in Sanlıurfa Conditions

Erdal Erbil, Cemile Adiyaman, Aysegul Efendioglu Celik, Halil Hatipoglu, Mine Aksoy, Mustafa Acar, Mahmut Dok


Turkey is dependent on foreign countries for oil and petroleum products. Although our country is considered to be rich in renewable energy sources, it cannot use its existing potential sufficiently. Our country is suitable for the cultivation of many plants due to its geographical location. For this reason, alternative energy plants which are not grown in our country but which are thought to adapt to the ecological conditions of our country should be taken into production design. Sweet sorghum is basically a sugar plant as well as food, feed, fiber, energy, biofuels has a wide use. Bioethanol is produced from the stem of the sweet sorghum with a high sugar content and the residual pulp is processed and evaluated as biomass after the juice is taken. In this study, which was carried out as a second product under the ecological conditions of Sanliurfa in 2016-1017, bioethanol yields of these varieties, energy values of some agricultural properties related to yield and yield were investigated. The experiment was designed as a randomized block design with four replications, the parcels were arranged between the rows of 70 cm, the row was 20 cm and the row length was 10 m. When the number of days and flowering periods of varieties were examined, the earliest species were Urja (4.25-4.75 days) and the earliest flowering species were PHS 12-10 (85.25-88 days. The sugar ratio (brix value) of the cultivars used in the study varied between 17.87% (Top 76-6) and 12.17% (Dale).

Keywords: Adaptation, Biomass, Sweet sorghum, Sanliurfa Renewable energy

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/6-07-03

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702