Romanticism Movement in the Novel of Halit Ziya Usakligil Nemide

Ali Algul


Halite Ziya Usakligil enters the literary world with his novels and stories written in Izmir. He draws attention with his novels such as Sefile, Nemide, Ferdi and Surekâsi. After moving to Istanbul, Halite Ziya attended Servet-i Funun literature. He writes the Turkish novel on the world scale with his success in his novels such as Mai and Siyah, Ask-i Memnu, in the flow of Servet-i Funun which settled the new Turkish literature. In this study, Nemide, one of the novels of Halite Ziya Usakligil's Izmir period, was examined in terms of romanticism. In the 1830s as an art stream, with the efforts of Victor Hugo, romanticism became the dominant current in Europe. The current of romanticism, which brought new genres such as drama to literature, prose poetry and historical novels, is seen in Turkish literature in the early 1870s forty and forty-five years after the West. Namik Kemal and Ahmet Mithat Efendi write works according to this movement. Which led to the Turkish novel to the level of advanced countries Halite Ziya, the literary world in 1885 when cycles are made of Western literature in Turkey and the first domestic novels, stories were well written. This ready-to-use environment is able to use the accumulation in its own favor. Halite Ziya, who is studying foreign sources by using the languages he knows, remains influenced by the romanticism movement in Nemide, which is the second place in his novels. Usakligil uses the elements such as escape to nature, yellow color, dilemma, contradiction, pessimism, tuberculosis, emotion, intuition, love, tears, imagination, extraordinary and love of animals, which are among the basic qualities of romanticism in the Nemide novel.

Keywords: Romanticism, Turkish novel, Halit Ziya, Nemide

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/5-4-20

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702