The Effect of Obesity on Pregnancy in Women

Elif Gelenli Dolanbay, Melda Yardimoglu Yilmaz, Birol Vural, A.Yigit Cakiroglu


Obesity may have negative effects on fertility early onset of obesity in women; menstrual irregularities, chronic oligo-anovulation and infertility in adulthood can be seen. Obesity in women may increase the risk of miscarriage and may adversely affect the outcome of pregnancy achieved with assisted reproductive technologies. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship with the patient groups according to the BMI, pregnancy status and take home baby. 86 female patients which are Normal, owerweight and obes, participated in our study according to Body Mass Index. As the BMIs of the female patients in our study increased, pregnancy rates decreased (N: 43,33%, FK: 36,67%, OB 20%). As the female BMI increased, the rate of babies taking home decreased significantly (N: 81.82%, FK: 9.09%, OB: 9.09%). It is understood that obesity has a negative impact on oocyte and embryo quality, pregnancy rates and on baby take home status through hormones and cytokines. We hope that the comprehensive findings obtained in our study showing the effects of only obesity by excluding polycystic ovary syndrome will provide unique and valuable contributions to the literature.

Key Words: Obesity, IVF, pregnancy, infertility.

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/5-4-17

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ISSN (online) 2422-8702