Factors Affecting Wheat Productivity of Credit Owner Farmers of Zarai Taraqiati Banks Limited in Rural Area of District Mardan- Pakistan

Naushad Khan


The study was carried out in rural area of District Mardan. The major objective of the  study was the analysis of factors affecting wheat production of ZTBL Credit Owner  sampled Farmers in the study area. The Universe  of the study was District Mardan which consists of three tehsil namely Mardan, Katlang and Thakhth Bai. Total 243 beneficial farmers of the ZTBL were selected for the study and data were collected with the help of interview schedule questionnaire from the respondents and used Cob Douglass Production Function for analysis. The result indicates the constant un-standardized coefficient value 4.123 and found significant at .05 level. The endogenous coefficients  variables values,  land, Plough, Seed, Fertilizer, Weedicides, Labor days, irrigation and credit were found -.009, .021, .200, .145, .078, .233, .078, .008 respectively.  All inputs variables coefficients values were found significant, except land, plough and credit were found non-significant at .05 level. The relationship between all independent variables and dependent variable were found positive, except land, which was found negative. If all inputs on average basis, one unit in each increases, then -0.009, 0.021, 0 .2, 0.145, 0.078, 0.233, 0.078, 0.008 percents change will be occurred in yield respectively. Due to heterodoscity problem, Quintile regression was also applied. The constant coefficient value is 4.85791, which is significant at .05 level. There land, plough and credit values were found non-significant, while the remaining five independent variables coefficients value were found significant. All independent variables relation with Yield was found positive, while the land relation was found negative. The R2 value was 0.3923 and shows the power of the explain variables in the model, which was 39.23%. Here the explained variables power was weak and model was not good fit, as it is below from 60%. In Parametric model the constant coefficient was 4.123 but in non-parametric model the constant coefficient was 4.857, so there non-parametric coefficient value was a little greater than the parametric model. The coefficient values of the land, plough, seeds, fertilizer, weedicides, labor days, irrigation and credit in the parametric model were -.009, .021, .200, .145, .078, .233, .078, .008, but in non parametric model  were -0.134, 0.0276, 0.1363, 0.141,b0.0483, 0.284, 0.071,-0.005 respectively. The coefficient values of the non parametric model land, plough and labor days were found more than the parametric coefficients, while the remaining coefficient values were found less than the parametric model. On the basis of finding the study concludes that without these factors application the high productivity of wheat is impossible while the study area farmers are very poor, so they do not afford the cost of the inputs, so it is recommended to government of Pakistan to fill the gap of input cost for enhancing wheat productivity in the study area.

Keywords:- Factors Affecting, Wheat Production, Credit Owner Farmers, Rural Area of District Mardan

DOI: 10.7176/JPID/49-02

Publication date: April 30th 2019

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