Removal Methods of Heavy Metals from Laboratory Wastewater

Tamirat Dula Chaemiso


The removal of heavy metals from the environment is the special concern due to their persistence without degradation. Methods for treating laboratory and industrial wastewater containing heavy metals often involve technologies for reduction of toxicity in order to meet technology-based treatment standards. Physico-chemical removal processes such as; adsorption on new adsorbents, ion exchange, membrane filtration, electrodialysis, reverse osmosis, and ultrafiltration were discussed. Their advantages and drawbacks in application were evaluated. In the processes of biological treatments microorganisms play a role of settling solids in the solution. Activated sludge, trickling filters, stabilization ponds are widely used for treating industrial wastewater. Bioadsorption is a new biological method and various low cost bioadsorbents (agricultural waste, forest waste, industrial waste, algae etc.) are used for maximum removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Bioadsorption techniques are eco friendly best solutions for removing heavy metals from wastewater rather than physic-chemical methods. But chemical methods are most suitable treatments for toxic inorganic compounds produced from various industries which cannot removed from any biological and physical techniques.

Keywords: Heavy metals; removal techniques; Bioadsorption; physico-chemical treatments

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/9-2-04

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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