Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): A Systematic Review

Aljaifi Saddam Hussein Mohammed, Sadik Yusuf Musse


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak between 2002 to 2003 has accounted for the world panic. SARS was caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and had continued to expand int the 21st century (Tsang et al., 2003). Initially, the disease was observed to be incepted in a small district named as Shunde, which was present in the city named the Foshan City of Guangdong Province. From this area, it rapidly disseminated to Hong Kong and following it to the rest of North America, Asia, as well as Europe in the few months. The disease affected about 8437 patients, accounting for a mortality rate of 9.6 percent. World Health Organization (WHO), in May of the year 2005, forwarded a declaration that SARS disease has been eliminated, which ranked it as the second disease in humans to be labeled such following the first disease, i.e., smallpox. The civet cats isolated coronaviruses in China has substantial sequence homology with SARS-CoV, which indicates a zoonotic origin.Thereby this research paper reviews the general causes of SARS, its clinical manifestation, along with its treatment and prevention.

Keywords: SARS; Systematic; Review

DOI: 10.7176/JMPB/64-01

Publication date: February 29th 2020

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