Screening of Diabetes and HIV Infection in Newly Diagnosed Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients

Awais Jamil, Aftab Gohar, Ch. Haider Ali


Objective: Aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of diabetes and HIV infection by screening in newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in Pulmonology department Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur.  From  1 June 2018 to 1 June 2019 after taking approval from the institutional ethical committee. Total 159 newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients were recruited by non-probability consecutive sampling. Mean and SD was calculated for numerical variables like age , BMI, FBG, Hemoglobin and monthly income. Ferquancy and percentages were calculated for categorical variables like gender, smooking status, educational status, alcohol consumption, prevelance of HIV and diabetes, Ch square test was use to check significant different in PTB and Non PTB patients. P value of < 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: Significant difference was found between age (p=0.000), BMI (p=0.000), FBG (p=0.000), hemoglobin (p=0.000), gender (p=0.002) and alcohol consumption (p=0.034), in groups, except education status (p=0.090) and monthly income (p=0.068). The main outcome variables of this study were HIV infection and diabetes. HIV infection was noted in 3.1% (n=5) and 1.9% (n=3) patients for PTB and non-PTB group respectively. While, 8.2% (n=13) and 4.4% (n=4) patients suffered from diabetes, for both the groups respectively. Conclusion: The results of our study revealed that on screening of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients with HIV infection and diabetes, their prevalence was high as compared to non-pulmonary tuberculosis group. But this difference was statistically non significant (P value 0.474 and 0.166).

Key words:   Pulmonary tuberculosis, Diabetes, HIV infection

DOI: 10.7176/JMPB/55-21

Publication date:May 31st 2019

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