Bacterial Toxins and Their Modes of Action: A Review Article

Chala Kenenisa Edae


Bacterial toxins; the soluble antigens, emitted by various pathogenic microorganisms has a standing notoriety of being a toxin discharged over the span of pathogenesis. Toxins can balance the cell capacities by specifically focusing on various flagging pathways inside the host cell so as to tilt the equalization in microorganisms support. With the upgraded comprehension of the poison refinements strategies, quality cloning, protein arrangements, and three-dimensional crystallographic structures today, we can appreciate the interesting conduct of toxins, for example, restricting capacity to the explicit target cell and a few chemicals capacities. Bacterial pathogens have been causing different infections in people for quite a long time and even today these pathogenic microscopic organisms are coinciding and developing with us, regardless of having diverse means for their control in clinical practices (specifically antimicrobials, immunizations, and phage treatment). Toxins can be grouped into two general classes: exotoxin and endotoxin, and can be delivered by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microbes. Exotoxins delivered by various microorganisms like botulinum, Clostridium, diphtheria poisons displaying protein exercises like ADP-ribosylation, phospholipase, adenylate cyclase, metalloprotease, deamidase, protease, and deoxyribonuclease action. The vast majority of these microscopic organisms apply their impeding impacts in the contaminated host through toxins. The elucidation of the cellular mechanism of action of the bacterial exotoxins remains a complex problem, but they appear to share a common mechanism of action such as binding to specific receptors on the plasma membranes of the sensitive cells, pore-formation, internalization or translocation across the membrane barrier and direct secretion.

Keywords: Bacterial toxins; toxin; bacteria

DOI: 10.7176/JMPB/55-03

Publication date:May 31st 2019

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN 2422-8427

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©