Hyperlipidemia Patterns in Newly Diagnosed Young Diabetic Patients

Shahab Saad Ali, Mohsin Mehmood Ansari, Muhammad Haseeb Mumtaz, Fatima Ahmad, Aymen Naeem, Haseeb Ahmad


Objective: To analyze hyperlipidemia patterns among newly diagnosed young diabetic patients. Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study Place and Duration: Study was conducted in DHQ Teaching Hospital, DG Khan, Bahawal Victoria hospital, Bahawalpur, and Sheikh Zayd Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan from July 2017 to July 2018.Methodology: All the patients were young and newly diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus. Data collection was done via non probability consecutive sampling included patients’ demographics, past medical history, co-morbidities, and lab findings were assessed. SPSS version 24 was used to analyze data. P value ≤ 0.05 was taken as significant.Results: Eighty patients were included in this study. Diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, macrovascular complications, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma history, family history and hypertension were noted in n=12 (15%), n=6 (7.5%), n=9 (11.3%), n=1 (1.3%), n=34 (42.5%) and n=11 (13.8%) respectively. The mean hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, of the patients was 4.54±0.52 mmol/L, 2.59±1.13 mmol/L, 1.39±0.80 mmol/L, 1.03±0.59 mmol/L respectively. Conclusion: the study has shown that the prevalence of increased levels of triglycerides is more than increased LDL cholesterol levels among these patients. As it has been established that hypertriglyceridemia is a known risk factor for causing cardiovascular disorders among diabetic patients, it should be addressed and managed accordingly at the onset of diabetes.

Keywords: Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes Mellitus, low density lipoproteins, high density lipoproteins, insulin.


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