Comparison of Post-operative Mean Opioids Consumption in Patient given Preoperative Gabapentin and Placebo Undergoing Major Laparotomies for Lower Abdomen and Pelvis



Objective:- To compare the efficacy of lignocain with lignocain and magnesium sulfate for intravenous regional anesthesia. Material and methods:- This Ranodomized controlled trial was conducted at Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur and Nishtar Hospital Multan. The patients were divided in two equal groups. In group L, 55 patients received Lignocain alone and in group M, 55 patients received lignocaine with magnesium sulfate. The two groups were compared for the efficacy. Results:- Mean VAS was 4.36 + 2.40 in group L and 3.55+ 2.47 in group M (p>0.05). The efficacy of lignocaine alone was observed in 21 (38.2%) patients while efficacy of lignocaine with magnesium was seen among in 32 (58.2%) patients. p-value > 0.05. Conclusions:- The use of magnesium along with lignocaine is found to be more effective than lignocaine alone for IVRA.  

Key words:- Intravenous regional anesthesia; lignocaine; magnesium sulfate

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