Frequency of Source and Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) Burn Percentage with Outcome in Burn Patients

Mustafa Kamal, Nazish Butt, Nasrin Siddique, Afan Qaiser, Sajida Perveen


Objectives: To determine the frequency of source and total body surface area (TBSA) burn percentage with outcome in patients admitted in Pak Italian burn unit, Multan. Study design: retrospective study. Setting: Pak Italian burn unit, Multan. Study Duration: six months from January 2017 to June 2017. Material and Methods: Medical records of 260 patients admitted in Pak Italian burn unit, Multan from January 2017 June 2017 were collected and the required information was recorded on a pre designed questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: Mean age of patients presenting with burn was 32.18 with standard deviation of 8.57 years. Out of total 260 patients, the male victims were n= 151(58.1%) victims Flame burn (68.1%) being the most common cause followed by electric burn (16.2 %), scalds (10.4%) and acid burn. Most of the patients (35.4%) have TBSA burn 11-20%. A mortality rate of 16.2% was observed which has a significant relation with TBSA burn (p=0.00) but gender and source of burn was not significantly related with mortality. Conclusion: Flame burn  are the most common cause of burn injury followed by electric burn. Most of the victims are male.

Keywords:Burn injury, total body surface area burn(TBSA), flame burn, scalds, acid burn.

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