Acute Myocardial Infarction as Predictor of Mortality in Patients with Premature Coronay Disease



Background: Recent data from various parts of the world have led to the conclusion that more than 80 % of CVD deaths occur in developing countries like Pakistan. This high burden of heart diseases is largely attributed to the industrial and technological progress which is associated with economic and social transformations which have lead to life style modification and sedentary life style. This study was planned to ascertain mortality rate of premature coronary artery disease in patients with AMI as it directly affects main workforce of our national economy. Objective: To determine rate of mortality in premature coronary artery disease patients with acute myocardial infarction.  Material and methods: A total of 145 patients having premature coronary artery disease presenting with acute myocardial infarction were included in this descriptive study. This study was conducted in the department of medicine, District Headquarters Hospital, Rajan Pur from June 2017 to September 2017. These patients were followed during current hospitalization to see mortality in these patients and all the findings were noted in the proforma. Results:Of these 145 study cases, 96 (66.2%) were male patients and 49 (33.8%) were female patients. Mean age of our study cases was noted to be 47.67 ± 7.59 years. Mean time taken before presentation at hospital was 113.79 ± 54.36 minutes. Diabetes was present in 48 (33.1%) of our study cases, hypertension was present in 58 (40%), smoking in 39 (26.9%), family history of IHD in 67 (46.2%) and obesity in 49 (33.8%) of our study cases. Mortality was noted to be in 19 (13.1%) of our study cases, post MI angina was seen in 36 (24.8%) and cardiogenic shock was noted in 29 (20%). Conclusion: Our study results indicate that patients with premature coronary artery disease having acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have high frequency of adverse clinical outcomes. Positive family history, hypertension, obesity and diabetes were major risk factors noted in our study.

Keywords: Premature coronary artery disease, mortality, acute myocardial infarction.

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