Frequency of Endometriosis among Women Undergoing Diagnostic Laparoscopy in Cases of Sub-Fertility



Objectives: To determine the frequency of endometriosis among women undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy in cases of sub-fertility. Material and methods: A total of 169 women having primary infertility were included in this cross-sectional study which was done from January 2016 to June 2017 at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nishtar Hospital, Multan. Complete history was taken for age, duration of infertility, duration of marriage, sexual history, history of intake of contraceptive drugs, past medical/surgical history and if patients had taken any previous treatment for fertility issues. General physical as well as systemic examination were performed by a trained doctor along with pelvic examination. Baseline investigations like ESR, FSH, LH, serum prolactin levels were done. These study cases will undergo pelvic ultrasound and laparoscopy was performed in proliferative stages of menstrual cycle. Data was analyzed by using SPSS Version 20. Results: Mean age of our study cases was noted to be 28.92 ± 4.55 years (with minimum age was 22 years while maximum age was 38 years). Family history of infertility was noted in 33 (19.5%) of our study cases. Mean duration of marriage in our study cases was noted to be 4.33 ± 1.03 years. Mean BMI of our study cases was 22.21 ± 3.01 kg/m2 (with minimum BMI was 18 kg/m2 while maximum BMI was 32 kg/m2). Our study results have shown that obesity was present in 36 (21.3%) of our study cases. In our study, endometriosis was seen in 27 (16 %) of our study cases. Stage 1 endometriosis was seen in 4 (2.4%), stage 2 endometriosis in 6 (3.6%), stage 3 endometriosis in 8 (4.7%) and stage 4 endometriosis in 9 (5.3%) of our study cases. Conclusion: Frequency of endometriosis was high in our study. Our study results indicate that it is a common gynecological problem which usually found in patients of young and reproductive age. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure which requires minimum time of hospitalization and minor post-operative discomfort in diagnosis of endometriosis. Laparoscopic procedures in women with infertility should be employed earlier as they are relatively less invasive, convenient and more accurate tool for diagnosis. There is a dire need to bring about awareness among infertile women to consult infertility clinics at proper time. It emphasizes the need to recognize the outcomes of laparoscopic procedures for management and diagnostic purposes.

Keywords: Primary infertility, endometriosis, laparoscopy

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