New Evidence of the Existence of Associative Elements of Water (Clusters)

Ignat Ignatov, Oleg Mosin


In this review it is reported about new data on the structure of intermolecular water cyclic associates (clusters) with general formula (Н2О)n and their charged ionic clusters [H+2О)n]+ and [OH-2О)n]- by means of computer modeling and spectroscopy methods as 1Н-NMR, IR-spectroscopy, NES, DNES, EXAFS-spectroscopy, X-Ray and neurons diffraction. The computer calculation of polyhedral nanoclusters (Н2О)n, where n = 3–20 are carried out. Based on this data the main structural mathematical models describing water structure (quasi-crystalline, continuous, fractal, fractal-clathrate) have been examined and some important physical characteristics were obtained.

Keywords: hydrogen bond, water, structure, clusters, IR-spectroscopy, NES, DNES.

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN 2422-8427

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©