The Methods of Non-Equilibrium Spectrum (NES) and Differential Non-Equilibrium Spectrum (DNES) in Studying the Interaction of Carbonaceous Mmineral Shungite and Aluminosilicate Mineral Zeolite with Water

Ignat Ignatov, Oleg Mosin


The mathematical model of interaction with water the amorphous, uncrystallized, fullerene analogous carbon containing natural mineral shungite (Zazhoginskoe deposit, Karelia, Russia) and micro-porous alumosilicate mineral zeolite (Most, Bulgaria) was established. There are submitted data on the nanostructure and structural properties of these minerals, obtained with using the elemental analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM-method) and IR-spectroscopy. For evaluation of the mathematical model of interaction of these minerals with water, the methods of non-equilibrium spectrum (NES) and differential non-equilibrium spectrum (DNES) of water were applied. The values of average energy (∆EH...O) of hydrogen Н…O-bonds among H2O molecules in water samples after the treatment of shungite and zeolite with water was measured at -0,1137 eV for shungite and -0,1174 eV for zeolite. The calculation of ∆EH...O for shungite with using the DNES method compiles +0,0025±0,0011 eV and for zeolite -1,2±0,0011 eV. It was demonstrated a regularity of change of energy of hydrogen bonds between H2O molecules in the process of water treatment by shungite and zeolite with a statistically reliable increase of local maximums in DNES-spectra.

Key words: shungite, zeolite, nanostructure, fullerens, IR, NES, DNES


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