Analysis of the Effect of Distributed Generation on Loss Reduction in Electrical Distribution Network

Ganiyu Adedayo Ajenikoko, Adebayo Wasiu Eboda, Abass Balogun, Adenle Musibau Shittu, Yusuf Mukhtar


Distribution network is said to be the most visual part of the electric production and the most observed by the utilities for investment, maintenance and operation. The system have been operated under stressed conditions due to limited structure and increasing day to day requirement of power consumption, which have a significant economic and social impact on the system. Due to the system high resistance to impendence ratio, large amount of power loss occur in the network. This loss is the most severity factors affecting the power quality delivered to the end users and depend on power network expansion and load complexity. Among the support methods available for power loss minimization in distribution network, strategic allocation of Distributed Generation (DG) in distribution system is widely considered a viable option. DGs are electrical sources connected to the power network located to consumer’s side but very small when compared with the centralized power plant. They can be in form of wind, mini-hydro, photovoltaic and fuel-based system such as fuel cells and micro-turbines. Therefore, in this study, different approaches for power loss minimization in electrical distribution system with the incorporation of DG by various researchers were reviewed. These approaches have become powerful tools to overcome the problem of power loss minimization in distribution system.

Keywords: Distribution System, Power Loss. Distributed Generation, Power Consumption, Photovoltaic System, Centralized Power Plant.

DOI: 10.7176/JETP/11-6-02

Publication date: November 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3232 ISSN (Online)2225-0573

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