Studies on the Performance of Shale and Bentonite for the Removal Cr3+ and Mn2+ ions from Wastewater using Batch Experimental Techniques and Inferential Statistics

Idowu Rudolph Ilaboya, Ebierin Akpoebidimiyen Otuaro


To investigate the performance of locally available shale for the treatment of wastewater containing chromium and manganese, six different adsorbents were prepared from shale and bentonite, namely; raw shale (RSA), raw bentonite (RBA), calcinated shale (CSA), calcinated bentonite (CBA), acid activated shale (AAS) and acid activated bentonite (AAB). The textural characteristics and chemical composition of the adsorbents were determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-Ray fluorescence (XRF).  The effects of selected adsorption variables such as initial metal ion concentration, adsorbent dose, pH, and contact time on the sorption of Cr3+ and Mn2+ions were studied using batch adsorption techniques while inferential statistics was employed to select the best adsorbent for specific metal ion removal. Result of the microstructural analysis using SEM revealed that the surface characteristics of the shale and bentonite materials changes drastically with calcination and acid treatment with the acid treated shale and bentonite showing a better irregular porous surface structure. XRF analysis revealed that aluminum oxide and silicon oxide are the dominant oxides present in both shale and bentonite. Inferential statistical analysis revealed that acid activated shale was the most suitable adsorbent for the removal of manganese while acid activated bentonite was the best for chromium ion removal.

Keywords: Calcination, acid activation, inferential statistics, SEM and XRF

DOI: 10.7176/JEES/9-10-14

Publication date:October 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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