Dams and Sustainable Development Goals: A Vital Interplay for Sustainability

Oyekanmi, Martins O., Mbossoh, Ekemini Richard


The dawn of civilization has seen more advancements in numbers and technology of dam across the globe than any other. The reservoir has been a decent source of water for domestic, industrial, recreational and agricultural usage. The failure of any dam structure has diverse ramifications on the natural environment and biodiversity. This work studied the role of dam in the realization of the sustainability agenda of the United Nations. The seventeen (17) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are linked to the proper functioning of dams as a source of municipal and rural water supply. Effect of climate change on dam, its failures and operational impact on agriculture and biotic and abiotic ecosystem were also considered. It was noted that the interaction between this water source and SDGs are direct and indirect, positive and negative. The conclusion drawn was that water structure such as dams has main roles to play in sustainability and many of the SDGs can be achieved by functional water system at all levels. Developing good maintenance culture is essential.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Dam, GHG, Reservoir, Sustainability, SDGs, Water

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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