Major, Trace Elements and Sr-Nd Isotopic Characteristics of High-Pressure and Associated Metabasites from the Pan-African Suture Zone of Southern Togo, West Africa

Yao Agbossoumondé, René-Pierre Ménot, Ganade de Araujo, C. E.


Eclogites and garnet-bearing or garnet-free amphibolites from Lato, Toutouto and Ahito-Meliendo hills in southern Togo, were analyzed for their bulk rock geochemistry and Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. Major and trace element compositions for these rocks indicate that precursor magmas belong to tholeiitic to subalkaline series which may have evolved by fractional crystallisation. However, some intense sheared eclogites from southern Lato hills display secondary LREE-loss patterns not typical of magmatic protoliths. Measured ratios and epsilon values have been recalculated at 800 Ma. 87Sr/86Sr initial values for the eclogites and amphibolites range from 0.70215 to 0.70460 and from 0.70126 to 0.70307, respectively. 147Sm/144Nd values for both eclogites and amphibolites range from 0.14510 to 0.183320 and are lower than chondritic values of 0.1966. Overall 143Nd/144Nd values range from 0.512804 to 0.512862, corresponding to initial ƐNd(T) from +4.9 to +8.8 that yielded TDM model ages from 1.6 to 0.72 Ga. One eclogite from south Lato hill displays 143Nd/144Nd values of 0.512862, corresponding to initial ƐNd(T) values of +8.83 and TDM model age of 0.72 Ga, that constrains its minimum age. However, eclogites from northern Lato and garnet amphibolites yielded older model ages of 1.65 and 1.43 Ga respectively, suggesting crustal contamination of the surrounding metasedimentary pile.

Key words: Eclogites, Sr-Nd isotopes, Pan-African suture zone, Togo.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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