An Economic Assessment of Energy Poverty and Households Welfare in Ghana

Kwame Yeboah, Edmund Obeng Amaning, Illiasu Zakaria, Caleb Kwasi Owusu


This study sought to investigate the effects of household socio-economic factors on energy poverty in Ghana. Strong evidence points to the fact that energy is a driver of economic growth, hence, the presence of energy poverty is a major barrier to achieving the development objectives of any country. A binomial logistic model was used to analyse the effects of parametric factors on energy poverty. Data of 16,048 households from the Ghana Living Standards Survey 6, a nationally representative survey, served as the basis for the logistics analysis.  The results showed that the energy poverty rate in Ghana stands at 38% and households spend around 22% of income on modern energy forms. In addition, energy poverty is more prevalent in rural areas with them being 5.7 times more likely to be energy poor. Also, the results indicated that determinants including age and household size had a negative effect on energy poverty while a higher level of education, income, and welfare had non-decreasing effects on energy poverty. The study concludes that a high welfare level reduces the likelihood that a household is energy poor. To close the disparity between the rural and urban areas with regards to energy access, development of off-grid energy schemes should be implemented largely in rural areas.

Keywords: Energy Stacking, Logistic Regression, Energy Poverty, Households Welfare.

DOI: 10.7176/JESD/11-16-01

Publication date:August 31st 2020

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